Graduate Courses

The faculty has approval to offer the following courses in the academic years 2017–2018 and 2018–2019; however, not all courses are taught each semester or summer session. Students should consult the Course Schedule to determine which courses and topics will be offered during a particular semester or summer session. The Course Schedule may also reflect changes made to the course inventory after the publication of this catalog.

Arabic: ARA

ARA 380C. Topics in Arabic Language.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and Arabic 420L (or 320L). Additional prerequisites may vary with the topic and are given in the Course Schedule.

Topic 8: Translating Arabic Texts. Same as Middle Eastern Studies 381 (Topic 39: Translating Arabic Texts). Only one of the following may be counted: Arabic 360L (Topic 4: Translating Arabic Texts), 380C (Topic 8), Middle Eastern Studies 381 (Topic 39).

ARA 381H. Intensive Graduate Language Instruction I.

Not open to native speakers of Arabic. Intensive cultural and literacy-focused training in Arabic at the beginning level in preparation for research in the Arab world or with Arabic sources. Incoming students are placed in the appropriate level by means of a departmental placement test. Six lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

ARA 381J. Intensive Graduate Language Instruction II.

Not open to native speakers of Arabic. Intensive cultural and literacy-focused training in Arabic at the low-intermediate level in preparation for research in the Arab world or with Arabic sources. Incoming students are placed in the appropriate level by means of a departmental placement test. Six lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and Arabic 381H with a grade of at least B.

ARA 381K. Intensive Graduate Language Instruction III.

Not open to native speakers of Arabic. Intensive cultural and literacy-focused training in Arabic at the intermediate level in preparation for research in the Arab world or with Arabic sources. Incoming students are placed in the appropriate level by means of a departmental placement test. Six lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and Arabic 381J with a grade of at least B.

ARA 381L. Intensive Graduate Language Instruction IV.

Not open to native speakers of Arabic. Intensive cultural and literacy-focused training in Arabic at the high-intermediate level in preparation for research in the Arab world or with Arabic sources. Incoming students are placed in the appropriate level by means of a departmental placement test. Six lecture hours week for one semester. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and Arabic 381K with a grade of at least B.

ARA 381M. Intensive Graduate Language Instruction V.

Not open to native speakers of Arabic. Intensive cultural and literacy-focused training in Arabic at the advanced level in preparation for research in the Arab world or with Arabic sources. Incoming students are placed in the appropriate level by means of a departmental placement test. Five lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and Arabic 381L with a grade of at least B.

ARA 381N. Intensive Graduate Language Instruction VI.

Not open to native speakers of Arabic. Intensive cultural and literacy-focused training in Arabic at the advanced level in preparation for research in the Arab world or with Arabic sources. Incoming students are placed in the appropriate level by means of a departmental placement test. Five lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and Arabic 381M with a grade of at least B.

ARA 382C. Topics in Arabic Linguistics and Philology.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Graduate standing, and Arabic 420L (or 320L) or 531L with a grade of at least B. Additional prerequisites may vary with the topic.

Topic 2: Grammar of the Arabic Language. Same as Linguistics 396 (Topic 7: Grammar of the Arabic Language).
Topic 3: Arab Grammarians.
Topic 4: History of the Arabic Language. Same as Linguistics 383 (Topic 6: History of the Arabic Language).
Topic 5: The Qur'an: A Linguistic Analysis.
Topic 6: Varieties and Registers of Arabic. The historical and linguistic development of Arabic varieties and registers, past and present. Arabic 383C (Topic: Varieties and Registers of Arabic) and 382C (Topic 6) may not both be counted.
Topic 7: Comparative Arabic Dialects. Additional prerequisite: Some familiarity with an Arabic dialect.
Topic 8: Introduction to Arabic Linguistics. Introduction to the major areas of research in Arabic linguistics. Includes formal linguistics and sociolinguistics, and code-switching and dialectology.
Topic 9: The Structure of Palestinian Arabic. A detailed examination of the syntax of Palestinian Arabic. Additional prerequisite: A graduate course in Arabic grammar or theoretical syntax.

ARA 383C. Topics in Arabic Language Teaching, Pedagogy, and Applied Linguistics.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Graduate standing, and Arabic 420L (or 320L) or 531L with a grade of at least B. Additional prerequisites may vary with the topic.

Topic 1: Teaching Arabic as a Foreign Language. Theory and practice of foreign or second language acquisition, applied to Arabic instruction. Arabic 380C (Topic: Teaching Arabic as a Foreign Language) and 383C (Topic 1) may not both be counted.
Topic 3: Curriculum Design in Arabic. Examines three curricular models that are widely used in teaching foreign languages: proficiency-based instruction, task-based instruction, and content-based instruction. Additional prerequisite: Arabic 383C (Topic 1).

ARA 384C. Topics in Arabic Literature.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Graduate standing, and Arabic 420L (or 320L) or 531L with a grade of at least B; additional prerequisites vary with the topic.

Topic 2: Politics of Court Literature. Same as Middle Eastern Studies 386 (Topic 4). Arabic 384C (Topic 2) and Middle Eastern Studies 386 (Topic 4) may not both be counted. Additional prerequisite: Graduate standing, and Arabic 420L (or 320L) or 531L with a grade of at least B. Additional prerequisites may vary with the topic.
Topic 5: Arab Women Poets.
Topic 6: Classical Arabic Akhbar. Examines classical Arabic prose from the perspective of the individual khabar or story, which was the basic unit for all humanities works, and works in history, geography, zoology, cosmology, and anthropology.
Topic 7: Arab Culture in Sicily from 652 to 1189. Arabic 384C (Topic 7) and 387 (Topic: Arabic Culture in Sicily from 652 to 1189) may not both be counted.
Topic 8: Refiguring Loss in Contemporary Arabic Literature. Explores literary lamentations describing Arab dispossession and humiliation following military and ideological defeats in the second half of the twentieth century.
Topic 9: New Arabic Writings.
Topic 10: Encountering the West in Modern Arabic Literature. Investigates the representation of the West in Arabic literature from the nineteenth century onward by examining travel narratives, novels, essays, and visual texts.
Topic 11: Survey of Classical Arabic Literature. Additional prerequisite: Consent of instructor.
Topic 12: Survey of Modern Arabic Literature. Additional prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

ARA 386K. Advanced Spoken Media Arabic I.

Development of the specialized vocabulary and skills needed in the media and public policy sectors of the Arab-speaking world. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Arabic 380C (Topic: Advanced Spoken Media Arabic I) and 386K may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

ARA 386L. Advanced Spoken Media Arabic II.

Development of the specialized vocabulary and skills needed in the media and public policy sectors of the Arab-speaking world. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Arabic 380C (Topic: Advanced Spoken Media Arabic II) and 386L may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and Arabic 386K.

ARA 387. Topics in Arab Culture.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Graduate standing, and Arabic 420L (or 320L) or 531L with a grade of at least B. Additional prerequisites may vary with the topic.

Topic 1: Contemporary Arabic Cinema.

ARA 388. Research Methods and Bibliography in Arabic Studies.

Arabic classical and modern sources on a variety of subjects, as well as modern scholarship in Arabic studies both in the West and in the Arab world. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Graduate standing, and Arabic 420L (or 320L) or 531L with a grade of at least B. Additional prerequisites may vary with the topic.

ARA 389. Conference Course in Arabic Studies.

Supervised individual study of selected problems in Arabic studies. Conference course. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Graduate standing, and consent of instructor and the graduate adviser.

ARA 698. Thesis.

The equivalent of three lecture hours a week for two semesters. Offered on the credit/no credit basis only. Prerequisite: For 698A, graduate standing in Arabic studies and consent of the graduate adviser; for 698B, Arabic 698A.

ARA 398R. Master's Report.

Preparation of a report to fulfill the requirement for the master's degree under the report option. The equivalent of three lecture hours a week for one semester. Offered on the credit/no credit basis only. Prerequisite: Graduate standing in Arabic studies and consent of the graduate adviser.

ARA 399R, 699R, 999R. Dissertation.

Offered on the credit/no credit basis only. Prerequisite: Admission to candidacy for the doctoral degree.

ARA 399W, 699W, 999W. Dissertation.

Offered on the credit/no credit basis only. Prerequisite: Arabic 399R, 699R, or 999R.

Hebrew: HEB

HEB 380C. Topics in Hebrew Language.

Taught in English. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and consent of instructor.

Topic 2: Advanced Readings in Modern Hebrew.
Topic 5: Mishnaic Hebrew/Talmud Aramaic.
Topic 8: Biblical Hebrew.

HEB 381H. Intensive Graduate Language Instruction I.

Intensive cultural and literacy-focused training in Hebrew at the beginning level in preparation for research with Hebrew sources. Incoming students are placed in the appropriate level by means of a departmental placement test. Six lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

HEB 381J. Intensive Graduate Language Instruction II.

Intensive cultural and literacy-focused training in Hebrew at the intermediate level in preparation for research with Hebrew sources. Incoming students are placed in the appropriate level by means of a departmental placement test. Six lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and Hebrew 381H with a grade of at least B.

HEB 381K. Intensive Biblical Language Instruction I.

Introduction to the language and texts of the Hebrew Bible, taught in the interactive style of a modern language classroom. Six lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

HEB 381L. Intensive Biblical Language Instruction II.

Continuing the study of the language and texts of the Hebrew Bible, taught in the interactive style of a modern language classroom. Six lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and Hebrew 381K with a grade of at least C.

HEB 381M. Hebrew Via Popular Culture.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and Hebrew 381J or the equivalent with a grade of at least C.

HEB 381N. Hebrew Through the Media.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and Hebrew 381M or the equivalent with a grade of at least C.

HEB 384C. Topics in Hebrew Literature.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

Topic 2: Contemporary Israeli Fiction.
Topic 3: Mizrahi Writing in Israel.

HEB 385. Hebrew Literature in Translation and Israeli Media.

Study of selected works of Hebrew literature in English translation and Israeli film and television programs with English subtitles. Three lecture hours a week for one semester; additional hours may be required for some topics. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary, but no more than six hours may be counted toward the Master of Arts or the Doctor of Philosophy in Hebrew studies. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

Topic 1: Post-Zionist Perspectives in Israeli Literature. Israeli literature through the context of the historical, cultural, and artistic movement known as post-Zionism.
Topic 2: The Book of Job: Text and Language. Hebrew 380C (Topic: The Book of Job: Text and Language) and 385 (Topic 2) may not both be counted.
Topic 3: Dead Sea Scrolls: Language and Literature.
Topic 4: Ethnic and Social Israeli Cinema.

HEB 389. Conference Course in Hebrew Studies.

Supervised individual study of selected problems in Hebrew studies. Conference course. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and consent of instructor.

HEB 698. Thesis.

The equivalent of three lecture hours a week for two semesters. Offered on the credit/no credit basis only. Prerequisite: For 698A, graduate standing in Hebrew studies and consent of the graduate adviser; for 698B, Hebrew 698A.

HEB 399R, 699R, 999R. Dissertation.

Offered on the credit/no credit basis only. Prerequisite: Admission to candidacy for the doctoral degree.

HEB 399W, 699W, 999W. Dissertation.

Offered on the credit/no credit basis only. Prerequisite: Hebrew 399R, 699R, or 999R.

Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures: MEL

MEL 380. Topics in Middle Eastern Cultures.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Graduate standing; additional prerequisites vary with the topic.

MEL 380C. Topics in Middle Eastern Languages.

Advanced studies in Middle Eastern languages. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Graduate standing; additional prerequisites may vary with the topic.

Topic 1: Targumic Aramaic. Examines Aramaic translations of the Hebrew bible that contain many exegetical deviations from the Hebrew text, and provide a glimpse of Jewish theology at the time of their composition. Hebrew 380C (Topic 6: Targumic Aramaic) and Middle Eastern Languages 380C (Topic 1) may not both be counted. Additional prerequisite: Consent of instructor; some knowledge of Hebrew is recommended.
Topic 2: Syriac. Study of the eastern Aramaic dialect that was spoken in the ancient Near East until the Muslim occupation. Examines the use of the dialect as a vehicle for Christianity in the East; its use in poetry, science, and philosophy; and its influence on Arabic. Covers the essentials of Syriac grammar for the purpose of reading Syriac texts. Hebrew 380C (Topic 9: Syriac) and Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 380C (Topic 2) may not both be counted. Additional prerequisite: Consent of instructor.
Topic 3: Classical Ethiopic. Study of the fourth-century language of the Semitic people who lived in what is now Ethiopia and Eritrea. Covers the alphabet and grammar needed for reading translations of the Bible and other texts. Hebrew 380C (Topic 10: Classical Ethiopic) and MEL 380C (Topic 3) may not both be counted. Additional prerequisite: Consent of instructor.
Topic 4: Ugaritic. Study of the West Semitic languages from the city of Ugarit in what is now Syria, which was spoken from the fourteenth through twelfth century BC. Covers the essentials of grammar needed for reading Ugaritic texts. HEB 380C (Topic 11: Ugaritic) and MEL 380C (Topic 4) may not both be counted. Additional prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

MEL 381. Topics in Middle Eastern Literatures.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Graduate standing; additional prerequisites vary with the topic.

MEL 382. Topics in Middle Eastern Linguistics.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Graduate standing; additional prerequisites vary with the topic.

Topic 1: Teaching Middle Eastern Languages. Additional prerequisite: Graduate standing and consent of instructor.
Topic 2: Introduction to the Structure of Semitic Languages. Covers the grammatical structure of a number of ancient and modern Semitic languages (such as Akkadian, Biblical Hebrew, Ethiopic, and Modern Aramaic) and of the family of languages as a whole. Hebrew 380C (Topic 12: Introduction to the Structure of Semitic Languages) and MEL 382 (Topic 2) may not both be counted. Additional prerequisite: Graduate standing and consent of instructor.

MEL 383. Topics in the Ancient Near East.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Graduate standing; additional prerequisites vary with the topic.

MEL 383C. Current Issues in Hebrew Bible.

Examines the issues that are current in one major area of Hebrew Bible scholarship. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Hebrew 380C (Topic: Hebrew Bible Doctoral Seminar I), Jewish Studies 383 (Topic: Hebrew Bible Doctoral Seminar III), Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 383 (Topic: Hebrew Bible Doctoral Seminar III), 383C, 383 (Topic 1: Hebrew Bible Doctoral Seminar I), 383 (Topic 3: Hebrew Bible Doctoral Seminar III), Religious Studies 386H (Topic: Hebrew Bible Doctoral Seminar III). Prerequisite: Graduate standing and consent of instructor.

MEL 383D. Exegetical Seminar in Hebrew Bible.

Examines a biblical book (e.g. Song of Songs) or subject (e.g. Jubilee) applying history, philology, literary theory, poetics, history of interpretation, and linguistics. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Hebrew 380C (Topic: Hebrew Bible Doctoral Seminar II), Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 383 (Topic: Hebrew Bible Doctoral Seminar IV), 383 (Topic 2: Hebrew Bible Doctoral Seminar II), 383 (Topic 4: Hebrew Bible Doctoral Seminar IV), 383D. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and consent of instructor.

MEL 389. Conference Course in Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures.

Supervised individual study of selected problems in Middle Eastern languages and cultures. The equivalent of three lectures a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Graduate standing, consent of the instructor and graduate adviser.

MEL 393. Comprehensive Examination Preparation.

The equivalent of three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit. Offered on the credit/no credit basis only. Prerequisite: Graduate standing, and consent of the instructor and graduate adviser.

MEL 194, 294, 394. Professional Development in Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures.

For each semester hour of credit earned, one lecture hour a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Graduate standing, and consent of instructor and the graduate adviser.

MEL 698. Thesis.

The equivalent of three lecture hours a week for two semesters. Offered on the credit/no credit basis only. Prerequisite: For 698A, graduate standing in Middle Eastern languages and cultures and consent of the graduate adviser; for 698B, Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 698A.

MEL 398R. Master's Report.

Preparation of a report to fulfill the requirement for the master's degree under the report option. The equivalent of three lecture hours a week for one semester. Offered on the credit/no credit basis only. Prerequisite: Graduate standing in Middle Eastern languages and cultures and consent of the graduate adviser.

MEL 398T. Supervised Teaching in Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures.

Teaching under the close supervision of a faculty member; weekly group meetings with the instructor, individual consultation, and reports throughout the teaching period. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

MEL 399R, 699R, 999R. Dissertation.

Offered on the credit/no credit basis only. Prerequisite: Admission to candidacy for the doctoral degree.

MEL 399W, 699W, 999W. Dissertation.

Offered on the credit/no credit basis only. Prerequisite: Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 399R, 699R, or 999R

Middle Eastern Studies: MES

MES 380. International Business Fellows Seminar.

Same as Asian Studies 391 (Topic 6), Latin American Studies 381 (Topic 8), and Russian, East European, and Eurasian Studies 380. Multidisciplinary seminar for students in area studies, business administration, law, and public policy. The faculty includes both academics and business leaders. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 391 (Topic 6), International Business 395 (Topic: International Business Fellows Seminar), Latin American Studies 381 (Topic 8), Middle Eastern Studies 380, Public Affairs 388K (Topic: International Business Fellows Seminar), Russian, East European, and Eurasian Studies 380.

MES 381. Seminar in Middle Eastern Civilizations and Cultures.

Advanced studies of various aspects of the civilizations and cultures of the Middle East and North Africa. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Graduate standing; additional prerequisites vary with the topic.

Topic 11: Regional Geography of the Middle East and North Africa. Same as Geography 385 (Topic 5: The Middle East and North Africa). Topics include developmental activity and spatial change in the Middle East, comparative regional studies.
Topic 18: Ottoman Egypt and Syria, 1516-1918. Same as History 388K (Topic 1: Ottoman Egypt and Syria, 1516-1918).
Topic 20: Shamanism in Central Asia.
Topic 22: Politics of the Middle East and North Africa. Same as Government 390L (Topic 4: Politics of the Middle East and North Africa). Readings and research on the political systems of the Arab world, Israel, Turkey, Iran, and Afghanistan. Precise topics vary. Additional prerequisite: Twenty-four semester hours of coursework in government or related fields, and consent of the graduate adviser.
Topic 26: Turkic Cultures and Languages in Central Asia. Same as Linguistics 396 (Topic 4: Turkic Cultures and Languages in Central Asia). Additional prerequisite: Consent of instructor.
Topic 28: Iranian Literature in Exile. Same as Persian 384C (Topic 8: Iranian Literature in Exile). Additional prerequisite: Three semester hours of upper-division coursework in Persian and consent of instructor.
Topic 29: Environment and Development in the Middle East. Same as Geography 383C (Topic 2: Environment and Development in the Middle East).
Topic 30: Language and Politics in Language Planning. Same as Curriculum and Instruction 385G (Topic 7). Additional prerequisite: Consent of instructor.
Topic 31: Mapping the Middle East. Same as Geography 381C. Ways in which the Middle East is and has been represented cartographically. Cartographic representations of the region during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries; the nature and evolution of a distinctive Islamic cartographic tradition; the role and use of maps during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries both in the extension of colonialism and in the creation of modern states; and the contemporary use, applications, and implications of geographic information systems in organizing and representing data spatially. Additional prerequisite: Consent of instructor.
Topic 32: The Jordan River Basin after the Peace Agreements. Additional prerequisite: Consent of instructor.
Topic 33: Translation: Theory, History, and Practice. Additional prerequisite: Consent of instructor.
Topic 37: Intellectual History of Indo-Iranian Islam. Same as Asian Studies 390 (Topic 6) and History 388K (Topic 2).
Topic 38: Music Cultures of the Middle East: Past and Present.
Topic 39: Translating Arabic Texts. Same as Arabic 380C (Topic 8: Translating Arabic Texts). Only one of the following may be counted: Arabic 360L (Topic 4: Translating Arabic Texts), 380C (Topic 8), Middle Eastern Studies 381 (Topic 39).
Topic 41: Gender, Clothing, and Identity in Muslim Society.

MES 382. Conference Course.

Individual research on various aspects, periods, civilizations, and cultures of the Middle East and North Africa. The equivalent of three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and consent of instructor.

MES 383. Internships in Applied Middle Eastern Studies.

Students conduct research and participate in other work in an appropriate agency or business. At least nine but no more than twelve hours of fieldwork a week for one semester. May not be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and consent of the graduate adviser.

MES 384. Topics in the Middle East: Social Science.

Advanced studies of various aspects of social sciences in the Middle East. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted unless the topics vary: Middle Eastern Studies 381, 384, 385, 386. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Graduate standing, and consent of the instructor and graduate advisor.

Topic 1: Business in Emerging Markets. Same as Latin American Studies 381 (Topic 21). Only one of the following may be counted: Latin American Studies 381 (Topic: Business in Developing Countries), 381 (Topic 21), Middle Eastern Studies 381 (Topic: Business in Developing Countries), 384 (Topic 1).
Topic 2: Development Communication. Same as Latin American Studies 381 (Topic 17). Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 391 (Topic 2: Development Communication), Latin American Studies 381 (Topic 17), 384 (Topic 2), Radio-Television-Film 387D (Topic: Development Communication). Additional prerequisite: Consent of instructor and the graduate adviser.
Topic 6: Cities and Citizenship.
Topic 7: Culture, History, and Power.
Topic 8: Gender and Development.
Topic 9: International Journalism Crisis Coverage.
Topic 10: The Military in Politics.
Topic 11: Nationalism and Gender.

MES 385. Topics in the Middle East: History.

Advanced studies of various aspects of history in the Middle East. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted unless the topics vary: Middle Eastern Studies 381, 384, 385, 386. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. Additional prerequisites may vary with the topic.

Topic 3: Islamic Historiography.
Topic 4: Islamic Revolution of Iran. Additional prerequisite: Consent of instructor.
Topic 5: Modern Iranian History and Historiography.
Topic 6: Shi'ite Religious and Political Ideologues.
Topic 7: Women in Islamic Societies. Same as Asian Studies 391 (Topic 7: Women in Islamic Societies) and History 382N (Topic 2: Women in Islamic Societies). Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 391 (Topic 7), History 382N (Topic 2), Middle Eastern Studies 385 (Topic 7).
Topic 8: The Colonial Situation in Algeria and Beyond.
Topic 9: Method and Theory in Middle Eastern Studies.
Topic 10: Modern Arab Renaissance: An Inquiry.
Topic 11: State and Society in the Middle East.
Topic 12: European Imperialism: British Empire. Same as Asian Studies 391 (Topic 3) and History 380L (Topic 1). Study of the British empire in the Middle East, Asia and Africa. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 391 (Topic 3), History 380L (Topic 1), Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 381 (Topic 12: European Imperialism: British Empire), 385 (Topic 12). Additional prerequisite: Graduate standing.

MES 386. Topics in the Middle East: Arts and Humanities.

Advanced studies of various aspects of the arts and humanities in the Middle East. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted unless the topics vary: Middle Eastern Studies 381, 384, 385, 386. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Graduate standing. Additional prerequisites may vary with the topic.

Topic 2: Iranian Film and Fiction. Same as Persian 384C (Topic 10). Only one of the following may be counted: Middle Eastern Studies 386 (Topic 2), Persian 361 (Topic 5: Iranian Film and Fiction), 384C (Topic 10).
Topic 4: Politics of Court Literature. Same as Arabic 384C (Topic 2). Arabic 384C (Topic 2) and Middle Eastern Studies 386 (Topic 4) may not both be counted. Additional prerequisite: Graduate standing, and Arabic 420L (or 320L) or 531L with a grade of at least B. Additional prerequisites may vary with the topic.
Topic 5: Theory and Practice in Literary Translation.
Topic 7: Arab Women Poets.
Topic 8: Arabo-Islamic Ode.
Topic 9: Classical Arabic Ahkbar.
Topic 10: Holy War Redux.
Topic 11: Islamic Ornament.
Topic 12: Islamic Studies: Disciplinary Introduction.
Topic 13: Loyalty and Rebellion in Arabic Literature.
Topic 14: Mizrahi Writing in Israel.
Topic 15: Post-Zionist Perspectives in Israeli Literature.
Topic 16: Readings in Contemporary Persian Political Writings.
Topic 17: Refiguring Loss in Contemporary Arabic Literature.
Topic 18: Seminar in Music, Gender, and Sexuality.
Topic 19: Women in Scripture.
Topic 20: Lebanon: Formation and Transformation.

MES 194, 294, 394. Professional Development in Middle Eastern Studies.

For each semester hour of credit earned, one lecture hour a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit. Offered on the credit/no credit basis only. Prerequisite: Graduate standing, and consent of instructor and the graduate adviser.

MES 698. Thesis.

The equivalent of three lecture hours a week for two semesters. Offered on the credit/no credit basis only. Prerequisite: For 698A, graduate standing in Middle Eastern studies and consent of the graduate adviser; for 698B, Middle Eastern Studies 698A.

MES 398R. Master's Report.

Preparation of a report to fulfill the requirement for the master's degree under the report option. The equivalent of three lecture hours a week for one semester. Offered on the credit/no credit basis only. Prerequisite: Graduate standing in Middle Eastern studies and consent of the graduate adviser.

MES 398T. Supervised Teaching in Middle Eastern Studies.

Teaching under the close supervision of a faculty member; weekly group meetings with the instructor, individual consultation, and reports throughout the teaching period. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and appointment as a teaching assistant or assistant instructor.

Persian: PRS

PRS 380C. Topics in Persian Language.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Graduate standing, and six semester hours of upper-division coursework in Persian or consent of instructor.

PRS 381H. Intensive Graduate Language Instruction I.

Intensive cultural and literacy-focused training in Persian at the beginning level in preparation for research with Persian sources. Includes an independent project component. Incoming students are placed in the appropriate level by means of a departmental placement test. Six lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

PRS 381J. Intensive Graduate Language Instruction II.

Intensive cultural and literacy-focused training in Persian at the low-intermediate level in preparation for research with Persian sources. Incoming students are placed in the appropriate level by means of a departmental placement test. Six lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and Persian 381H with a grade of at least B.

PRS 381K. Intermediate Graduate Language Instruction I.

Intensive cultural and literacy-focused training in Persian at the intermediate level in preparation for research with Persian sources. Includes an independent project component. Incoming students are placed in the appropriate level by means of a departmental placement test. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and Persian 381J with a grade of at least B.

PRS 381L. Intermediate Graduate Language Instruction II.

Intensive cultural and literacy-focused training in Persian at the high-intermediate level in preparation for research with Persian sources. Includes an independent project component. Incoming students are placed in the appropriate level by means of a departmental placement test. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and Persian 381K with a grade of at least B.

PRS 382C. Topics in Persian Linguistics and Philology.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Graduate standing in Persian studies.

PRS 384C. Topics in Persian Literature.

Study of various aspects and periods of Persian language and literature. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Graduate standing, three semester hours of upper-division coursework in Persian, and consent of instructor.

Topic 1: Ferdowsi's Shahnameh.
Topic 2: Sa'di's Golestan.
Topic 3: Hafez and Classical Persian Lyric Poetry.
Topic 4: Sadeq Hedayat and Twentieth-Century Persian Prose Fiction.
Topic 5: Forugh Farrokhzad and Modernist Persian Poetry.
Topic 6: Iranian Women Writers.
Topic 7: Persian Prose Nonfiction, Past and Present.
Topic 8: Iranian Literature in Exile. Same as Middle Eastern Studies 381 (Topic 28: Iranian Literature in Exile).
Topic 9: Iranian Drama.
Topic 10: Iranian Film and Fiction. Same as Middle Eastern Studies 386 (Topic 2). Only one of the following may be counted: Middle Eastern Studies 386 (Topic 2), Persian 361 (Topic 5: Iranian Film and Fiction), 384C (Topic 10).

PRS 389. Conference Course in Persian Studies.

Supervised individual study of selected problems in Persian studies. The equivalent of three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Graduate standing, consent of the graduate adviser, and consent of instructor.

PRS 698. Thesis.

The equivalent of three lecture hours a week for two semesters. Offered on the credit/no credit basis only. Prerequisite: For 698A, graduate standing in Persian studies and consent of the graduate adviser; for 698B, Persian 698A.

PRS 398R. Master's Report.

Preparation of a report to fulfill the requirement for the master's degree under the report option. The equivalent of three lecture hours a week for one semester. Offered on the credit/no credit basis only. Prerequisite: Graduate standing in Persian studies and consent of the graduate adviser.

PRS 399R, 699R, 999R. Dissertation.

Offered on the credit/no credit basis only. Prerequisite: Admission to candidacy for the doctoral degree.

PRS 399W, 699W, 999W. Dissertation.

Offered on the credit/no credit basis only. Prerequisite: Persian 399R, 699R, or 999R.

Turkish: TUR

TUR 380. Topics in Turkish Language and Literature.

Study of various aspects or eras of Turkish language and literature. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Graduate standing, and Turkish 412L or the equivalent.

TUR 381H. Intensive Graduate Language Instruction I.

Intensive cultural and literacy-focused training in Turkish at the beginning level in preparation for research in the Turkic-speaking world or with Turkish sources. Incoming students are placed in the appropriate level by means of a departmental placement test. Six lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

TUR 381J. Intensive Graduate Language Instruction II.

Intensive cultural and literacy-focused training in Turkish at the low-intermediate level in preparation for research in the Turkic-speaking world or with Turkish sources. Incoming students are placed in the appropriate level by means of a departmental placement test. Six lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and Turkish 381H with a grade of at least B.

TUR 381K. Intermediate Graduate Language Instruction I.

Intensive cultural and literacy-focused training in Turkish at the intermediate level in preparation for research in the Turkic-speaking world or with Turkish sources. Includes an independent project component. Incoming students are placed in the appropriate level by means of a departmental placement test. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and Turkish 381J with a grade of at least B.

TUR 381L. Intermediate Graduate Language Instruction II.

Intensive cultural and literacy-focused training in Turkish at the high-intermediate level in preparation for research in the Turkic-speaking world or with Turkish sources. Includes an independent project component. Incoming students are placed in the appropriate level by means of a placement test. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and Turkish 381K with a grade of at least B.

TUR 381M. Advanced Language Instruction I.

Restricted to non-native speakers of Turkish. Intensive cultural and literacy-focused training in Turkish at the advanced level in preparation for research in the Turkic-speaking world or with Turkish sources. Incoming students are placed in the appropriate level by means of a departmental placement test. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and Turkish 381L or the equivalent with a grade of at least C.

TUR 381N. Advanced Language Instruction II.

Restricted to non-native speakers of Turkish. Intensive cultural and literacy-focused training in Turkish at the advanced level in preparation for research in the Turkic-speaking world or with Turkish sources. Incoming students are placed in the appropriate level by means of a departmental placement test. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and Turkish 381M or the equivalent with a grade of at least C.

TUR 382. Topics in Turkish Culture.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Graduate standing; additional prerequisites vary with the topic.

TUR 389. Conference Course in Turkish Studies.

Supervised individual study of selected problems in Turkish studies. The equivalent of three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Graduate standing, consent of the graduate adviser, and consent of instructor.

TUR 390K. Advanced Turkish I.

Intermediate to high-level Turkish in four basic language skills: speaking, listening, reading, and writing. Turkish culture. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Graduate standing, and Turkish 412L or the equivalent.

TUR 390L. Advanced Turkish II.

Continuation of Turkish 390K. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Graduate standing, and Turkish 390K or the equivalent.