Department of Asian Studies

The information in parentheses after a course number is the Texas Common Course Numbering (TCCN) designation. Only TCCN designations that are exact semester-hour equivalents of University courses are listed here. Additional TCCN information is given in Appendix A.

Asian Studies: ANS

Lower-Division Courses

ANS 301M. Introductory Topics in Asian Studies.

Discussion of various problems involving language, history, and culture in Asia. Three lecture hours a week for one semester; additional hours may be required for some topics. Some topics partially fulfill legislative requirement for American history. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary.

Topic 3: History of East Asia to 1800. Same as History 305K. A survey of the traditional history and culture of China, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam.
Topic 4: History of East Asia since 1800. Same as History 305L. A survey of the modern history of China, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam.
Topic 6: Asia's Futures. Same as Government 314 (Topic 5: Asia's Futures). Current issues, visible trends, and projections for Asia's future.
Topic 11: Introduction to Buddhism. Same as Religious Studies 312C. A structural and historical overview of Buddhism through the examination of various schools, doctrines, biographical narratives, and contemporary ethical issues. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 301M (Topic 11), Religious Studies 312 (Topic: Introduction to Buddhism), 312C.
Topic 13: Forbidden Romance in Modern Chinese Literature. Same as Comparative Literature 305 (Topic 1). Introduction to modern Chinese literature from the late Qing Dynasty (latter half of the nineteenth century) to the present. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 301M (Topic: Forbidden Romance in Modern Chinese Literature), 301M (Topic 13), Comparative Literature 305 (Topic: Forbidden Romance in Modern Chinese Literature), 305 (Topic 1).
Topic 14: East Asian Martial Arts Films. Explores the concept of "East Asian" from the cinematic perspective, focusing on the martial arts film genre. Additional hours required for film screenings. Asian Studies 301M (Topic: Everybody is Kung Fu Fighting) and 301M (Topic 14) may not both be counted.
Topic 15: Introduction to Islam. Same as History 306N (Topic 7), Islamic Studies 310, and Religious Studies 319. The beliefs, theology, history, and main social and legal institutions of Islam, including the concept of God and society, the role of women, and Islamic government and movements. Three lecture hours or two lecture hours and one discussion hour a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 301M (Topic 15), History 306N (Topic 7), Islamic Studies 310, Religious Studies 319.
Topic 16: Introduction to Japanese Film. Broad survey of Japanese cinema, including silent films, feature films, documentaries, and anime, that covers the basic history of Japanese cinema. Background in Japanese not required, all films are subtitled in English. Additional hours may be required for film/media screenings. Asian Studies 301M (Topic: Introduction to Japanese Film) and 301M (Topic 16) may not both be counted.

ANS 301R. History of the Religions of Asia.

Same as Religious Studies 302. Eastern religions: an introduction to the basic forms and the historical development of the religious traditions of India, China, and Japan. Three lecture hours a week for one semester.

ANS 302C. Introduction to China.

Same as History 302C. Introduction to Chinese civilization, past and present, including religion, literature, arts, philosophy, and history. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 302C, History 302C, 306N (Topic: Introduction to China).

ANS 302D. Introduction to Korean Culture and History.

Introduction to Korea's history, culture, and civilization from antiquity to the present. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Asian Studies 301M (Topic 10) and 302D may not both be counted.

ANS 302J. Introduction to Japan.

Introduction to Japanese civilization, past and present, including religion, literature, arts, philosophy, and history. Three lecture hours a week for one semester.

ANS 302K. Introduction to South Asia.

Same as Anthropology 310L (Topic 5: Introduction to India). Introduction to Indian and south Asian civilization, past and present, including religion, literature, arts, philosophy, and history. Only one of the following may be counted: Anthropology 310L (Topic 5), Asian Studies 302K, History 306N (Topic: Introduction to India).

ANS 307C. Introduction to the History of India.

Same as History 307C. Survey of the history of the Indian subcontinent from prehistoric times to the present. Three lecture hours a week for one semester.

ANS 119S, 219S, 319S, 419S, 519S, 619S, 719S, 819S, 919S. Topics in Asian Studies.

This course is used to record credit the student earns while enrolled at another institution in a program administered by the University's Study Abroad Office. Credit is recorded as assigned by the study abroad adviser in the Department of Asian Studies. University credit is awarded for work in an exchange program; it may be counted as coursework taken in residence. Transfer credit is awarded for work in an affiliated studies program. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary.

Upper-Division Courses

ANS 320. Topics in Great Literatures of Asia.

Conducted in English. Introduction to various Asian literatures, emphasizing philosophical, religious, and social concepts. Three lecture hours a week for one semester; additional hours may be required for some topics. Asian Studies 320 and 361 may not both be counted unless the topics vary. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Varies with the topic.

Topic 2: Genji to Godzilla: Adaptations of the Japanese Classics. Examines how premodern, modern, and contemporary classics of Japanese literature, film, and theater get adapted over the centuries, and how culture, politics, gender, genre, and medium influence the adaptation process. Additional hours may be required for film/media screenings. Asian Studies 320 (Topic: Genji to Godzilla) and 320 (Topic 2) may not both be counted. Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

ANS 321M. Politics in Japan.

Same as Government 321M. Survey of postwar Japanese politics; the occupation, governmental institutions, interest groups, protest movements, industrial policy, the government-business relationship, and political and economic reform. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Asian Studies 321M and Government 321M may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Six semester hours of lower-division coursework in government.

ANS 322M. Politics in China.

Same as Government 322M. Survey of twentieth-century China: historical trends; 1911 revolution; Warlord-Nationalist period; Communist revolution; post-1949 issues; new social and political institutions. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 322M, 361 (Topic: Politics in China), Government 322M. Prerequisite: Six semester hours of lower-division coursework in government.

ANS 129S, 229S, 329S, 429S, 529S, 629S, 729S, 829S, 929S. Topics in Asian Studies.

This course is used to record credit the student earns while enrolled at another institution in a program administered by the University's Study Abroad Office. Credit is recorded as assigned by the study abroad adviser in the Department of Asian Studies. University credit is awarded for work in an exchange program; it may be counted as coursework taken in residence. Transfer credit is awarded for work in an affiliated studies program. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary.

ANS 338L. East Asian International Relations.

Same as Government 338L. Survey of Russian/Soviet, Japanese, Chinese, and American foreign policies of the twentieth century, emphasizing Pacific-region interests; historical policies; intermittent conflicts, such as China versus Japan, Korean War, Indochina Wars; China's emergence as a nuclear power. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 338L, 361 (Topic: East Asian International Relations), Government 338L. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing and six semester hours of lower-division coursework in government.

ANS 340. Topics in Asian Religions.

Topics in the religions and mythologies of the peoples of Asia. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Varies with the topic.

Topic 4: History of Hindu Religious Traditions. Same as Anthropology 324L (Topic 23: History of Hindu Religious Traditions), History 364G (Topic 1: History of Hindu Religious Traditions), and Religious Studies 321. History of major doctrines, practices, and institutions that shaped the development of Hinduism; how religions adapt to social and cultural change and often provide the catalyst for change. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 5: History of Indian Buddhism. Same as Religious Studies 322. The institutional, social, economic, and doctrinal history of Buddhism in India. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing or consent of instructor.
Topic 6: Religion and Rebellion in Modern East Asia. Same as Religious Studies 352 (Topic 3). Examines how nineteenth- and twentieth-century new religious movements in Japan, China, Korea, and Tibet have expressed dissatisfaction with society and/or the state through rebellious and sometimes violent activity. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 340 (Topic 6), History 364G (Topic: Religion/Rebellion in Modern East Asia), Religious Studies 352 (Topic 3).
Topic 7: Goddesses in World Religions and Cultures. Same as Religious Studies 373 (Topic 3) and Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic 30). Historical and cross-cultural overview of the relationship between feminine and religious cultural expressions through comparative examinations and analyses of various goddess figures in world religions. Only one of the following may be counted: Anthropology 324L (Topic: Goddesses in World Religions and Cultures), Asian Studies 340 (Topic 7), Religious Studies 373 (Topic: Goddesses in World Religions and Cultures), 373 (Topic 3), Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic: Goddesses in World Religions and Cultures), 340 (Topic 30). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 8: Sufism and Islamic Mysticism. Same as Islamic Studies 340 (Topic 4), Middle Eastern Studies 342 (Topic 24), and Religious Studies 358 (Topic 4). Muslim debates of Sufism; the historical development of Sufi beliefs regarding theology, religious laws, expression, and popular social practices. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 340 (Topic: Sufism and Islamic Mysticism), Asian Studies 340 (Topic 8), History 364G (Topic: Sufism and Islamic Mysticism), Islamic Studies 340 (Topic 4), 372 (Topic 10: Sufism: Islamic Mysticism and Spirituality), Middle Eastern Studies 320 (Topic 16: Sufism: Islamic Mysticism and Spirituality), 321K (Topic: Sufism and Islamic Mysticism), 342 (Topic 24), Religious Studies 341 (Topic: Sufism and Islamic Mysticism), 358 (Topic 4). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 9: Religion in Japanese History. Same as Religious Studies 352 (Topic 7: Religion in Japanese History). Examines religious concepts and practices in wider contexts of modern Japanese culture and society. Focuses on the critical understanding of the individual and collective aspects of Japanese spiritual life.
Topic 10: Ritual and Religion in Korea. Same as Religious Studies 352 (Topic 4: Ritual and Religion in Korea). Examination of major religious traditions of Korea; focus on the recent history and contemporary practice, and the relation between religion and politics during Korea's colonial (1910-1945) and postcolonial eras. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Anthropology 324L (Topic: Ritual and Religion in Korea), Asian Studies 340 (Topic 10), Religious Studies 352 (Topic 4). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 11: Introduction to Comparative Religion. Introduction and discussion of major comparative approaches in the study of religion. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 340 (Topic: Introduction to Comparative Religion), 340 (Topic 11), Religious Studies 373 (Topic: Introduction to Comparative Religion), 375S (Topic 2). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing and six hours of coursework in religious studies.
Topic 23: Saints and Shrines in Islam. Same as Religious Studies 358 (Topic 23). A survey of the history of sainthood (walayat) in Islam and the religious customs surrounding saint shrines in Muslim societies across the Middle East, Central Asia, and South Asia. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 340 (Topic: Saints & Shrines In Islam), 340 (Topic 23), Religious Studies 358 (Topic 23). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

ANS 340L. Post-Mao China: Change and Transformation.

Same as History 340L. Examines in a historical context the Chinese economy, society, politics, and culture during the reform era that began in the late 1970s. Explores the transformation of rural and urban economies and related social consequences; government systems, political ideologies, and popular values; and China's integration into the global system and its impact on China's role in world politics. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 340L, 361 (Topic: Post-Mao China: Change and Transformation), History 340L, 364G (Topic: Post-Mao China: Change and Transformation). Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

ANS 340M. Modern China.

Same as History 340M. History of China from the intrusion of the West circa 1500 to the Communist revolution. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

ANS 340P. European Expansion in Asia.

Same as History 340P. European exploration, the commerce of the East India Companies, and the beginnings of empire in South and Southeast Asia from the fifteenth to the early nineteenth century. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

ANS 340R. European Empires in Asia.

Same as History 340R. The British in India and Malaya, the Dutch in Indonesia, and the French in Indochina since 1800. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

ANS 340S. The Chinese in the United States.

Same as Asian American Studies 325 (Topic 3) and History 340S. A lecture and discussion course on the history of the Chinese in the United States from their first arrival in significant numbers during the California Gold Rush of the mid-nineteenth century to the present. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian American Studies 325 (Topic: Chinese in the United States), 325 (Topic 3), Asian Studies 340, History 340S. Partially fulfills the legislative requirement for American history. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

ANS 340T. Taiwan: Colonization, Migration, and Identity.

Same as Asian American Studies 325 (Topic 4: Taiwan: Colonization, Migration, Identity) and History 340T. Explores issues of ethnicity, empire, and modernization in East Asia from the sixteenth century to the present, as seen through encounters between Taiwan and aborigines, Han Chinese, Dutch, Portuguese, the imperial Qing, Japanese, mainland Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT), and the United States. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian American Studies 325 (Topic 4), Asian Studies 340T, 361 (Topic: Taiwan: Colonization, Migration, and Identity), History 340T, 364G (Topic: Taiwan: Colonization, Migration, and Identity). Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

ANS 341K. Origins of Modern Japan.

Same as History 341K. Japan to the beginnings of the Industrial Revolution, with a focus on the culminating age of samurai rule, the Tokugawa period (1600-1867). Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

ANS 341M. Imperial Japan.

Same as History 341M. Japan from the Meiji transformation through war, defeat, and occupation. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

ANS 341N. Postwar Japan.

Same as History 342C. Japan since the war and occupation. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

ANS 342D. Political Economy of Japan.

Same as History 342D. Historical development of the Japanese economy since early modern times. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

ANS 346C. Ancient India.

Same as History 346C. History and culture of South Asia from its protohistoric beginnings in the Indus Valley through the period of the early empires of the Mauryas and Guptas. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

ANS 346D. Medieval India.

Same as History 346D. History and culture of South Asia from approximately 500 to 1500, with emphasis on religious and political institutions and the emergence of regional cultures. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

ANS 346M. Early Modern India.

Same as History 346M. The history and culture of South Asia from approximately 1500 to 1750. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 346M, History 346M, Religious Studies 341 (Topic 6). Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

ANS 346N. The Indian Subcontinent, 1750-1950.

Same as History 346N. Examines the cultural and political movements and events that led to formation of the two nation-states India and Pakistan. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Asian Studies 346N and History 346N may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

ANS 347K. Governments and Politics of South Asia.

Same as Government 347K. A survey of political developments, governmental organization, and economic and social problems in South Asia. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Six semester hours of lower-division coursework in government.

ANS 348C. Geography of South Asia.

Same as Geography 348C. Natural regions and cultural landscapes of South Asia. Agriculture, urban structure, issues of environment and development. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

ANS 361. Topics in Asian Studies.

Selected topics in south and east Asian anthropology, economics, history, geography, government, and sociology. Three lecture hours a week for one semester; additional hours may be required for some topics. Asian Studies 320 and 361 may not both be counted unless the topics vary. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing; additional prerequisites vary with the topic.

Topic 3: Contemporary India. Asian Studies 361 (Topic 3) is same as Anthropology 324L (Topic 16: Contemporary India).
Topic 5: Cultures of Southeast Asia. Asian Studies 361 (Topic 5) is same as Anthropology 324L (Topic 8: Cultures of Southeast Asia). Comparative study of the peoples of Indonesia, Burma, Thailand, Malaysia, and other countries. Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 6: Gandhi and Gandhism. Asian Studies 361 (Topic 6) is same as History 350L (Topic 5: Gandhi and Gandhism) and Religious Studies 341 (Topic 5: Gandhi and Gandhism).
Topic 10: Colonialism and Nationalism. Asian Studies 361 (Topic 10) is same as Anthropology 324L (Topic 10: Colonialism and Nationalism). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 11: Musics of India. Asian Studies 361 (Topic 11) is same as Anthropology 324L (Topic 13: Musics of India) and Music 342 (Topic 3: Musics of India). Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 13: China and the New Asian Region. Same as Government 365L (Topic 6). Foreign policy issues in China, Asia, and Eastern Russia. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 361 (Topic: China and the New Asian Region), 361 (Topic 13), Government 365L (Topic: China and the New Asian Region), 365L (Topic 6).
Topic 22: Japanese Foreign Policy. Asian Studies 361 (Topic 22) is same as Government 365L (Topic 2: Japanese Foreign Policy). An introduction to the foreign and domestic determinants of Japanese foreign policy.
Topic 23: International Relations of East and Southeast Asia. Asian Studies 361 (Topic 23) is same as Government 365L (Topic 3: International Relations of East and Southeast Asia). An introduction to the international relations of East and Southeast Asia, with particular attention to postwar economic and security issues, the changing political landscape of the post-Cold War period, and the development and functions of regional institutions.
Topic 24: The Two Koreas and the United States. Same as Asian American Studies 325 (Topic 7). The political, social, and cultural relationship between North and South Korea, and between the Koreas and the United States, since 1945. Only one of the following may be counted: Anthropology 324L (Topic: The Two Koreas and the US), Asian American Studies 325 (Topic: The Two Koreas and the US), 325 (Topic 7), Asian Studies 361 (Topic 24), Government 360N (Topic: The Two Koreas and the US), History 364G (Topic: The Two Koreas and the US).
Topic 25: Capitalism, Consumption, and Civil Society in Korea. Contemporary social and political life in urban South Korea, including such topics as corporations, factory work, consumption, activism, popular culture, and changing gender systems and roles. Anthropology 324L (Topic: Capitalism, Consumption, and Civil Society in Korea) and Asian Studies 361 (Topic 25) may not both be counted.
Topic 26: Nationalism and Gender in South Asia. Asian Studies 361 (Topic 26) is same as Anthropology 324L (Topic 36: Nationalism and Gender in South Asia) and Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic 24: Nationalism and Gender in South Asia). Explores why nationalist movements often make the reform of women's roles central to their political projects.
Topic 27: Anthropology of the Himalayas. Anthropology 324L (Topic: Anthropology of the Himalayas) and Asian Studies 361 (Topic 27) may not both be counted.
Topic 28: The Chinese in Diaspora. Same as Asian American Studies 325 (Topic 2) and History 350L (Topic 65). Explores narratives of migration, race, ethnicity, and a wide range of experiences of acculturation and assimilation from the perspective of a sending society--China--which has one of the longest and most diverse histories of sending people overseas. Over the last millennia, Chinese have migrated around the world and made homes under a great range of adversity and opportunity, producing many stories of human differences and commonalities. For 361, three lecture hours a week for one semester; for 461, four lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian American Studies 325 (Topic: Chinese in Diaspora), 325 (Topic 2: The Chinese in Diaspora), Asian Studies 361 (Topic: Chinese in Diaspora), 361, 461 (Topic 28), History 350L (Topic: The Chinese in Diaspora), 350L (Topic 65: The Chinese Diaspora). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 29: Biomedicine, Ethics, and Culture. Same as Religious Studies 373M. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Anthropology 324L (Topic: Biomedicine, Ethics, and Culture), Asian Studies 361 (Topic: Biomedicine, Ethics, and Culture), 361 (Topic 29), Religious Studies 373 (Topic: Biomedicine, Ethics, and Culture), 373M. Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 30: Why Chinese Has No Alphabet. Introduction to the history and evolution of the Chinese writing system and language. No background in Chinese language, culture, or linguistics is required. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 361 (Topic: Why Chinese Has No Alphabet), 361 (Topic 30), Linguistics 350 (Topic: Why Chinese Has No Alphabet).
Topic 31: Global Markets and Local Cultures. Same as Anthropology 324L (Topic 49). Examines contemporary theories of globalization, including materials exploring global governance, international monetary policy, migration regulation, offshoring, and cultural hybridity. Focuses on case studies in Asia and elsewhere that reveal how these practices impact particular communities. Only one of the following may be counted: Anthropology 324L (Topic: Global Markets and Local Cultures), 324L (Topic 49), Asian Studies 361 (Topic 31), 372 (Topic: Global Markets and Local Cultures), 372 (Topic 26). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 32: The History of Chinese Language and Translation. In-depth study of the Chinese language and culture focusing on the cultural, social, historical, and political background against which the Chinese language has evolved and continues to evolve. Asian Studies 361 (Topic: Lost in Translation: Chinese Language and Literature) and 361 (Topic 32) may not both be counted. Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 33: Mughal India in History and Memory. Same as History 350L (Topic 67) and Islamic Studies 372 (Topic 20). Focuses on South Asia during the era of the Mughal empire (1550-1750), continuing through the symbolic relevance of the Mughal dynasty in British India and in India today. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 361 (Topic: Mughal India in History and Memory), 361 (Topic 33), History 350L (Topic: Mughal India in History and Memory), 350L (Topic 67), Islamic Studies 372 (Topic: Mughal India in History and Memory), 372 (Topic 20).
Topic 34: Modernization in East Asia. Same as History 364G (Topic 8). Examines the different historical experiences of mainland China and Taiwan in the context of the East Asian model of development. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 361, 461 (Topic: Modernization in East Asia), 361 (Topic 34), History 364G (Topic: Modernization in East Asia), 364G (Topic 8).
Topic 36: Political Economy of Asia. Same as Government 365L (Topic 4). Explores the political economies of East Asia with an emphasis on Japan, China, South Korea, and Taiwan. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 361 (Topic: Political Economy of Asia), 361 (Topic 36), Government 365L (Topic: Political Economy of Asia), 365L (Topic 4).
Topic 37: Rights and the State in South Asia. Same as Government 365L (Topic 7). A study of states and societies in South Asia and the challenge of creating rights and respecting political orders. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 361 (Topic: Rights and the State in South Asia), 361 (Topic 37), Government 365L (Topic: Rights and the State in South Asia), 365L (Topic 7).
Topic 38: Religion and Family in Japanese Society. Same as Religious Studies 352 (Topic 9). Explores the structures of family, kinship, and religion in Japan since 1868 and their roles in the creation and expression of national and individual identities. Only one of the following may be counted: Anthropology 324L (Topic: Religion and Family in Japanese Society), Asian Studies 361 (Topic 38), 372 (Topic: Religion and Family in Japanese Society), Religious Studies 352 (Topic: Religion and Family in Japanese Society), 352 (Topic 9).
Topic 39: Anthropology of Globalization. Only one of the following may be counted: Anthropology 324L (Topic: Anthropology of Globalization), Asian Studies 361 (Topic: Anthropology of Globalization), 361 (Topic 39).

ANS 362. Research in Asian Studies.

Individual instruction for Asian studies majors and nonmajors. Discussion, research, and the writing of papers about various general and specialized Asian subjects. Conference course. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Six semester hours of coursework in Asian studies and written consent of instructor on form obtained from the undergraduate adviser.

ANS 372. Topics in Asian Cultures.

Selected topics in south and east Asian art, literature, music, and philosophy. Three lecture hours or two lecture hours and one discussion hour a week for one semester; additional hours may be required for some topics. Some topics partially fulfill legislative requirement for American history. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing; additional prerequisites vary with the topic.

Topic 2: Indian Philosophies. Same as Philosophy 348 (Topic 2: Indian Philosophies) and Religious Studies 341 (Topic 1: Indian Philosophies). Three lecture hours or two lecture hours and one laboratory/discussion hour a week for one semester.
Topic 6: Chinese Film and Literature. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 372 (Topic: Chinese Film and Literature), 372 (Topic 6), Comparative Literature 323 (Topic: Chinese Film and Literature). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 7: Chinese Thought and Culture. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing or consent of instructor.
Topic 10: Decoding Classical Chinese Poetry. Same as Comparative Literature 323 (Topic 41). Introduction to the classical Chinese poetic tradition from the seventh century B.C.E. through the ninth century C.E., focusing on the literary, cultural, historical, social, political, philosophical, and religious background against which representative works arose. Conducted in English and all readings will be in English translation. Knowledge of the Chinese language is not required. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 372 (Topic: Decoding Classical Chinese Poetry), 372 (Topic 10), Comparative Literature 323 (Topic: Decoding Classical Chinese Poetry), 323 (Topic 41). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 11: A Tale of Five Chinese Cities. Literary and cinematic texts about Beijing, Hong Kong, Nanjing, Shanghai, and Taipei exploring themes of modernization, migration, international relations, gender, and labor with an aim toward radically rethinking certain historical moments and the notion of Chineseness in an increasingly and culturally deterritorialized world. Asian Studies 372 (Topic: A Tale of Five Chinese Cities) and 372 (Topic 11) may not both be counted. Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 14: Veiling in the Muslim World. Same as Islamic Studies 372 (Topic 2), Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 321 (Topic 22), Religious Studies 358 (Topic 5), and Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic 11). Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 372 (Topic 14), Islamic Studies 372 (Topic 2), Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 321 (Topic 22), Middle Eastern Studies 322K (Topic 17), Religious Studies 358 (Topic 5), Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic 11).
Topic 17: Women in Modern Japanese Fiction. Same as Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic 12: Women in Modern Japanese Fiction). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing or consent of instructor.
Topic 19: Diversity of Indian Traditions. Same as Religious Studies 341 (Topic 2: Diversity of Indian Traditions). Art and architecture of South Asia from 1200 to 1900 CE, within the context of Indian culture. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: For art history and visual art studies majors, Art History 302 and 303; for others, at least one of the following is advisable but not required: Art History 301, 302, 303.
Topic 21: Women and Gender in China. Same as History 350L (Topic 46: Women and Gender in China) and Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic 18: Women and Gender in China).
Topic 24: Buddhist Art. Same as Art History 348N and Religious Studies 341 (Topic 8). Explores the development of Buddhist art in South Asia, the land of its origin as well as its spread elsewhere. Focus on the question of "what is" Buddhist art. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Art History 348N, 372 (Topic: Buddhist Art), Asian Studies 372 (Topic 24), Religious Studies 341 (Topic 8).
Topic 25: Gender, Sexuality, and the Family in Indian Religions and Cultures. Same as Anthropology 324L (Topic 40: Gender, Sexuality, and the Family in Indian Religions and Cultures), Religious Studies 341 (Topic 3: Gender, Sexuality, and the Family in Indian Religions and Cultures), and Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic 25: Gender, Sexuality, and the Family in Indian Religions and Cultures). A comprehensive historical overview of gender issues as they are represented in the textual traditions of South Asia.
Topic 27: History and Archaeology of Early China. Examination of the ancient roots of Chinese civilization from the Neolithic period (beginning 8000 BCE) through the establishment of the Han Dynasty (206 BCE to 220 CE). Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 372 (Topic: Early China: History and Archaeology), 372 (Topic 27), History 364G (Topic: Early China: History and Archaeology).
Topic 28: Popular Literature and Culture in Modern China. An examination of modern Chinese literature and culture in the People's Republic of China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong from the popular culture perspective. Additional hours may be required for film screenings. Asian Studies 372 (Topic: Popular Literature and Culture in Modern China) and 372 (Topic 28) may not both be counted.
Topic 29: South Indian Cultural History. Introductory course examining the major components of Indian culture with an emphasis on South India. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Asian Studies 372 (Topic: South Indian Cultural History) and 372 (Topic 29) may not both be counted.
Topic 30: Gender and Sexuality in Japan. Same as History 364G (Topic 10) and Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic 28). Examines gender and sexuality in Japan during the classical (Heian), early modern (Tokugawa or Edo), and modern periods. Considers the construction and representation of feminine and masculine gender and sexuality, both normative and otherwise. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 372 (Topic: Gender and Sexuality in Japan), 372 (Topic 30), History 364G (Topic: Gender and Sexuality in Japan), 364G (Topic 10), Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic: Gender and Sexuality in Japan), 340 (Topic 28).
Topic 31: Devotion in South India. Same as Religious Studies 341 (Topic 13). Examines aspects of devotion in everyday life and how religions, such as Islam, Buddhism, and Christianity, are translated into a predominantly Hindu South India. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 372 (Topic: Devotion in South India), 372 (Topic 31), Comparative Literature 323 (Topic: Devotion in South India), Religious Studies 341 (Topic: Devotion in South India), 341 (Topic 13). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 32: Confucianism. Same as Religious Studies 352 (Topic 10). Philosophical and historical context of Confuciansim from its origins in ancient China through the early empire and beyond. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 372 (Topic: World of Confucians), 372 (Topic 32), Core Text and Ideas 375 (Topic: World of Confucians), Religious Studies 352 (Topic: World of Confucians), 352 (Topic 10).
Topic 33: Self-Cultivation in Traditional China. Same as Religious Studies 352 (Topic 11). Ideas and practices of self-cultivation as represented in diverse philosophical, religious, and occult traditions in premodern China. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 372 (Topic: Self-Cultivation in Traditional China), 372 (Topic 33), Core Texts and Ideas 375 (Topic: Self-Cultivation in Traditional China), Religious Studies 352 (Topic: Self-Cultivation in Traditional China), 352 (Topic 11).
Topic 34: Modern Japanese Literature in Translation. Conducted in English. Analyzes literature written by Japanese authors in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries with attention to a work's content, style, and form, as well as the sociohistorical context of its production and reception. Asian Studies 361 (Topic 9) and 372 (Topic 34) may not both be counted.
Topic 35: Suicide in Japanese Fiction. Conducted in English. Examination of Japanese literary and visual culture, including poetry, novels, plays, film, and manga, to analyze how artists grapple with themes of suicide in their works and lives in response to personal and national tragedies. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 361 (Topic: Suicide in Japanese Fiction), 372 (Topic 35), Comparative Literature 323 (Topic: Suicide in Japanese Fiction).
Topic 36: The Supernatural in Traditional Chinese Fiction. Same as Comparative Literature 323 (Topic 23). Conducted in English. Introduction to Chinese notions of the supernatural and otherworldly phenomena in traditional Chinese literature and pseudohistory, focusing on the literary, cultural, historical, social, political, philosophical, and religious background against which representative works arose. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 372 (Topic: Supernatural in Traditional Chinese Fiction), 372 (Topic 36), Comparative Literature 323 (Topic: Supernatural in Traditional Chinese Fiction), 323 (Topic 23).
Topic 37: Taiwan: From Coloniality to Postcoloniality. Examines how Taiwan has transformed itself since the end of Japanese colonialism in 1945 through literature, films, and other cultural products, such as popular music and arts, in postcolonial Taiwan. Asian Studies 372 (Topic: Taiwan and Cultural Imaginary) and 372 (Topic 37) may not both be counted.
Topic 38: Living Epics of India. Same as Comparative Literature 323 (Topic 26) and Religious Studies 341 (Topic 14). Exploration of Indian epics in the Sanskritic textual heritage, performative arts, and regional language versions, and their impact in the formation of the values of the people of India. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 372 (Topic: Living Epics of India), 372 (Topic 38), Comparative Literature 323 (Topic: Living Epics of India), 323 (Topic 26), Theatre and Dance 357T (Topic: Living Epics of India), Religious Studies 341 (Topic: Living Epics of India), 341 (Topic 14).
Topic 39: Modern Indian Literature. Same as Comparative Literature 323 (Topic 24). Examines modern India through religious literary masterpieces, poems, short stories, essays, and memoirs, and how literature reveals an interconnected history and redefinition of cultural dynamics in everyday Indian life long after colonial rule. Only one of the following may be counted: Anthropology 324L (Topic: Modern India and Literature), Asian Studies 372 (Topic: Modern India and Literature), 372 (Topic 39), Comparative Literature 323 (Topic: Modern India and Literature), 323 (Topic 24).
Topic 40: Epics and Heroes of India. Same as Ancient History and Classical Civilization 330 (Topic 2), Core Texts and Ideas 345 (Topic 11), and History 350L (Topic 54). Only one of the following may be counted: Ancient History and Classical Civilization 330 (Topic: Epics and Heroes of India), 330 (Topic 2), Asian Studies 372 (Topic: Epics and Heroes of India), 372 (Topic 40), Core Texts and Ideas 345 (Topic: Epics and Heroes of India), 345 (Topic 11), History 350L (Topic 54).
Topic 41: Japanese Concepts of Body and Self. Same as Religious Studies 352 (Topic 8). Exploration of anthropological literature describing Japanese conceptions of self and body, and analysis of the intersection of these conceptions of self with Japanese ideas about religion, morality, aging, and medicine. Only one of the following may be counted: Anthropology 324L (Topic: Japanese Concepts of Body and Self), Asian Studies 372 (Topic: Japanese Concepts of Body and Self), 372 (Topic 41), Religious Studies 352 (Topic: Japanese Concepts of Body and Self), 352 (Topic 8).
Topic 42: Chinese Literati Art. Same as Art History 372 (Topic 1). Only one of the following may be counted: Art History 372 (Topic: Chinese Literati Art), 372 (Topic 1), Asian Studies 361 (Topic: Chinese Literati Art), 372 (Topic 42).
Topic 44: Nonconformist Thinkers of India. Same as Religious Studies 341 (Topic 16). Introduction to Indian philosophy focusing on dissenting voices and the opponents of the mainstream to examine the subversive challenge of their thoughts. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 372 (Topic: India's Nonconformist Thinkers), 372 (Topic 44), Philosophy 348 (Topic: India's Nonconformist Thinkers), Religious Studies 341 (Topic: India's Nonconformist Thinkers), 341 (Topic 16). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 45: Contemporary Chinese Art. Same as Art History 349L. Examines Chinese art and visual culture from the early twentieth century to the present. Analyzes complex issues involving modern and contemporary art scenes in China through artworks, artists' lives, and sociopolitical changes in China during this period. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Art History 349L, 372 (Topic: Contemporary Chinese Art), Asian Studies 372 (Topic: Contemporary Chinese Art), 372 (Topic 45).
Topic 46: Gender and Art in the Muslim World. Same as Islamic Studies 373 (Topic 15), Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 321 (Topic 31), Middle Eastern Studies 342 (Topic 40), Religious Studies 358 (Topic 20), and Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic 62). Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 372 (Topic: Gender and Art in Muslim World), 372 (Topic 46), Islamic Studies 373 (Topic: Gender and Art in Muslim World), 373 (Topic 15), Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 321 (Topic: Gender and Art in Muslim World), 321 (Topic 31), Middle Eastern Studies 342 (Topic: Gender and Art in Muslim World), 342 (Topic 40), Religious Studies 358 (Topic: Gender and Art in Muslim World), 358 (Topic 20), Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic: Gender and Art in Muslim World), 340 (Topic 62). Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

ANS 678H. Honors Tutorial Course.

Three lecture hours a week for two semesters. Prerequisite: For 678HA, credit or registration for Asian Studies 378 and admission to the Asian Studies Honors Program; for 678HB, Asian Studies 678HA.

ANS 379. Capstone Seminars in Asian Studies.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester; additional hours may be required for some topics. Asian Studies 378 and 379 may not both be counted. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: For Asian studies majors, twelve semester hours of upper-division coursework in Asian studies; for others, upper-division standing; additional prerequisites vary with the topic.

Topic 1: Writing and Authority in Early China. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 372 (Topic: Writing and Authority: Early China), 379 (Topic 1), History 364G (Topic: Writing and Authority: Early China).
Topic 2: South Asian Saints and Yogis. Same as Religious Studies 341 (Topic 12). Life stories, teachings, and cultic practices of various holy figures and sainthood practices in South Asia, with an emphasis on the intersection between classical and modern history, religion, literature, and philosophy in relation to these practices and the making of modern South Asia. Only one of the following may be counted: Anthropology 324L (Topic: South Asian Saints and Yogis), Asian Studies 340 (Topic: South Asian Saints and Yogis), 379 (Topic 2), Religious Studies 341 (Topic: South Asian Saints and Yogis), 341 (Topic 12).
Topic 3: The Art of the Body in India. Only one of the following may be counted: Anthropology 322M (Topic: Art of the Body in India), Asian Studies 372 (Topic: Art of the Body in India), 379 (Topic 3), and Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic: Art of the Body in India).
Topic 4: Indian Poetry and Religions. Same as Religious Studies 341 (Topic 11). Explores the intersections of religion and poetry in the history of Indian literature as expressed in multiple settings and variations including hymns, chants, bhajans, poetic narratives, and new poetic conventions that deal with caste and gender identities. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 340 (Topic: Indian Poetry and Religions), 379 (Topic 4), Religious Studies 341 (Topic: Indian Poetry and Religions), 341 (Topic 11).
Topic 5: Science, Technology, and Society in Contemporary Asia. Introduction to how social forces and interests impact scientific practice, and vice versa, including scientific incommensurability, cultural difference, colonialism, postcoloniality, and methodological issues. Asian Studies 361 (Topic: Science, Technology and Society in Contemporary Asia) and 379 (Topic 5) may not both be counted.
Topic 6: Transnational Korea. Same as Asian American Studies 330 (Topic 5). Recent and contemporary manifestations of the Koreas in the world and the world in the Koreas. Subjects include labor and marriage migration, educational sojourning, transnational adoption, tourism, international sport, corporate expatriation, and media flows. Only one of the following may be counted: Anthropology 324L (Topic: Transnational Korea); Asian American Studies 330 (Topic: Transnational Korea), 330 (Topic 5); Asian Studies 379 (Topic: Transnational Korea), 379 (Topic 6).
Topic 7: Cuisine and Culture in Asia. Same as Asian American Studies 325 (Topic 6). Explores various themes related to food preparation, distribution, and consumption in the shaping of modern Asian societies, including gender; family; politics and nationalism; political economy of food; immigration; diaspora and cuisine; globalization of food brands and fast food outlets; aesthetics; tourism and travel; and how Asian food is represented in media. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian American Studies 325 (Topic 6); Asian Studies 379 (Topic: Cuisine and Culture in Asia), 379 (Topic 7).
Topic 8: Radical Religion: Ascetics and Holy Persons. Same as Religious Studies 375S (Topic 4). Explores asceticism and the concepts, practices, and goals associated with this radical way of life through case studies from various religions. Subjects include theories of the body and of culture, as well as issues of social status, gender, devotion, and violence. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 379 (Topic: Radical Religion: Ascetics), 379 (Topic 8), Religious Studies 375S (Topic: Radical Religion: Ascetics), 375S (Topic 4).
Topic 9: Art of Autobiography in Japan. Examines autobiographies written by prominent artists and intellectuals in Japan from the tenth century to the present. Subjects include the authors' lives and legacies, and how these works are informed by both the historical and cultural contexts in which they were written and by the genre itself. All reading, writing, and discussion will be in English. Asian Studies 379 (Topic: Art of Autobiography in Japan) and 379 (Topic 9) may not both be counted. Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

ANS 379H. Honors Tutorial Course.

Supervised research, readings, and writing of a substantial paper on a particular Asian topic. Conference course. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing, Asian Studies 378 with a grade of at least B, admission to the Asian Studies Honors Program no later than two semesters before expected graduation, a University grade point average of at least 3.00, and a grade point average in Asian studies of at least 3.50.

Bengali: BEN

Lower-Division Courses

BEN 506. First-Year Bengali I.

Not open to native speakers of Bengali. Five class hours a week for one semester.

BEN 507. First-Year Bengali II.

Not open to native speakers of Bengali. Continuation of Bengali 506. Five class hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Bengali 506 with a grade of at least C.

BEN 312K. Second-Year Bengali I.

Not open to native speakers of Bengali. Three class hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Bengali 507 with a grade of at least C.

BEN 312L. Second-Year Bengali II.

Not open to native speakers of Bengali. Continuation of Bengali 312K. Three class hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Bengali 312K with a grade of at least C.

BEN 119S, 219S, 319S, 419S, 519S, 619S, 719S, 819S, 919S. Topics in Bengali.

This course is used to record credit the student earns while enrolled at another institution in a program administered by the University's Study Abroad Office. Credit is recorded as assigned by the study abroad adviser in the Department of Asian Studies. University credit is awarded for work in an exchange program; it may be counted as coursework taken in residence. Transfer credit is awarded for work in an affiliated studies program. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary.

Upper-Division Courses

BEN 320K. Advanced Bengali I.

Not open to native speakers of Bengali. Three class hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Bengali 312L with a grade of at least C.

BEN 320L. Advanced Bengali II.

Not open to native speakers of Bengali. Continuation of Bengali 320K. Three class hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Bengali 320K with a grade of at least C.

BEN 129S, 229S, 329S, 429S, 529S, 629S, 729S, 829S, 929S. Topics in Bengali.

This course is used to record credit the student earns while enrolled at another institution in a program administered by the University's Study Abroad Office. Credit is recorded as assigned by the study abroad adviser in the Department of Asian Studies. University credit is awarded for work in an exchange program; it may be counted as coursework taken in residence. Transfer credit is awarded for work in an affiliated studies program. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary.

BEN 360. Conference Course in Bengali Language and Literature.

Supervised individual study of selected problems in Bengali language and literature. Conference course. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing and written consent of instructor on form obtained from the undergraduate adviser.

Chinese: CHI

Lower-Division Courses

CHI 604. Accelerated First-Year Chinese.

Designed for students who understand or speak but do not read or write Mandarin Chinese. Six class hours a week for one semester. Chinese 604 and 506 may not both be counted; Chinese 604 and 507 may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Results on the placement examination in Chinese that indicate that the student is ineligible to receive credit for Chinese 507. If the student is eligible to receive credit by examination for Chinese 506, this credit must not appear on the student's record.

CHI 506 (TCCN: CHIN 1511). First-Year Chinese I.

Not open to students who understand or speak Mandarin Chinese. Modern Standard Chinese (Mandarin). Six class hours a week for one semester. Chinese 604 and 506 may not both be counted.

CHI 507 (TCCN: CHIN 1512). First-Year Chinese II.

Not open to native speakers of Chinese. Continuation of Chinese 506. Six class hours a week for one semester. Chinese 604 and 507 may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Chinese 506 with a grade of at least C.

CHI 612. Accelerated Second-Year Chinese.

Continuation of Chinese 604. Six class hours a week for one semester. Chinese 612 and 412K may not both be counted; Chinese 612 and 412L may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Chinese 604 with a grade of at least C.

CHI 412K. Second-Year Chinese I.

Not open to native speakers of Chinese. Modern Standard Chinese (Mandarin). Four class hours a week for one semester. Chinese 612 and 412K may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Chinese 507 with a grade of at least C.

CHI 412L. Second-Year Chinese II.

Not open to native speakers of Chinese. Continuation of Chinese 412K. Four class hours a week for one semester. Chinese 612 and 412L may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Chinese 412K with a grade of at least C.

CHI 119S, 219S, 319S, 419S, 519S, 619S, 719S, 819S, 919S. Topics in Chinese.

This course is used to record credit the student earns while enrolled at another institution in a program administered by the University's Study Abroad Office. Credit is recorded as assigned by the study abroad adviser in the Department of Asian Studies. University credit is awarded for work in an exchange program; it may be counted as coursework taken in residence. Transfer credit is awarded for work in an affiliated studies program. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary.

Upper-Division Courses

CHI 320K. Readings in Modern Chinese I.

Readings in expository prose: selections from journals, newspapers, and other sources. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Chinese 612 or 412L with a grade of at least C.

CHI 320L. Readings in Modern Chinese II.

Readings in modern fiction, poetry, and drama. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Chinese 320K with a grade of at least C.

CHI 322. Introduction to Classical Chinese.

Beginning study of wen yen, the particles, and syntax of the Chinese classics. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Chinese 612 or 412L with a grade of at least C.

CHI 325K. Advanced Conversation I.

Not open to native speakers of Chinese. Drill in conversation on general topics. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Chinese 412L with a grade of at least C.

CHI 325L. Advanced Conversation II.

Not open to native speakers of Chinese. Practice in speaking Modern Standard Chinese. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Chinese 325K with a grade of at least C.

CHI 326. Business Chinese.

Advanced Chinese conversation, with emphasis on business vocabulary. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Chinese 326 and 330 (Topic: Business Chinese) may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Chinese 612, 320K, or 325K with a grade of at least C.

CHI 129S, 229S, 329S, 429S, 529S, 629S, 729S, 829S, 929S. Topics in Chinese.

This course is used to record credit the student earns while enrolled at another institution in a program administered by the University's Study Abroad Office. Credit is recorded as assigned by the study abroad adviser in the Department of Asian Studies. University credit is awarded for work in an exchange program; it may be counted as coursework taken in residence. Transfer credit is awarded for work in an affiliated studies program. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary.

CHI 330. Topics in Advanced Chinese.

Fourth-year Chinese readings on special topics. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Chinese 320K and 320L with a grade of at least C in each.

CHI 130D. Chinese across Disciplines.

Reading and discussion of Chinese language materials related to the subject matter of another designated course in Asian studies. Meetings with the instructor will be devoted to the discussion of linguistic problems, literary features, and crucial passages. Individual instruction. May not be counted toward fulfillment of the foreign language requirement for any bachelor's degree. May be repeated for credit. Offered on the pass/fail basis only. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing, concurrent enrollment in an appropriate Asian studies course, and written consent of instructor on form obtained from the undergraduate adviser.

CHI 340. Topics in Chinese Literature.

Study of Chinese literary texts in the original. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Chinese 320L with a grade of at least C.

Topic 1: Contemporary Chinese Literature. Selected literary works from contemporary China (post 1949), in their original language. Focuses on translation and linguistic analysis, as well as discussion of the texts as works of literature. Chinese 340 (Topic: Contemporary Chinese Literature) and 340 (Topic 1) may not both be counted.
Topic 2: Prose Writings by Lu Xun. Chinese 340 (Topic: Prose Writings by Lu Xun) and 340 (Topic 2) may not both be counted.
Topic 3: Modern Chinese Literature. Selected literary works from modern China (pre 1949), focusing on translation, linguistic analysis, and discussion of these works as cultural and literary products within their socio-historical contexts. Chinese 340 (Topic: Modern Chinese Literature) and 340 (Topic 3) may not both be counted.
Topic 4: Chinese Fiction from Taiwan. Readings of works of fiction produced in contemporary Taiwan (1949 to present day) in Chinese. Readings include mainstream literature, stories written by writers of the Modernist and Nativist schools, and urban fiction since the late twentieth century. Chinese 340 (Topic: Chinese Fiction from Taiwan) and 340 (Topic 4) may not both be counted.

CHI 341. Classical Chinese Poetry.

Study of Chinese poetry in the original. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Chinese 340 (Topic: Classical Chinese Poetry) and 341 may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Chinese 320L with a grade of at least C.

CHI 350. Advanced Readings in Literary and Vernacular Chinese.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Chinese 320L.

CHI 360. Conference Course in Chinese Language and Literature.

Supervised individual study of selected problems in Chinese language or literature. Conference course. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing and written consent of instructor on form obtained from the undergraduate adviser.

Hindi: HIN

Lower-Division Courses

HIN 604. Accelerated First-Year Hindi.

For speakers of Hindi who have not studied it formally. Six lecture hours a week for one semester. Hindi 604 and 506 may not both be counted; Hindi 604 and 507 may not both be counted; Hindi 604 and Urdu 604 may not both be counted; Hindi 604 and Urdu 506 may not both be counted; Hindi 604 and Urdu 507 may not both be counted.

HIN 506. First-Year Hindi I.

Not open to native speakers of Hindi. Modern Hindi of India. Five class hours a week for one semester. Hindi 604 and 506 may not both be counted; Hindi 506 and Urdu 604 may not both be counted.

HIN 507. First-Year Hindi II.

Not open to native speakers of Hindi. Continuation of Hindi 506. Five class hours a week for one semester. Hindi 604 and 507 may not both be counted; Hindi 507 and Urdu 604 may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Hindi 506 with a grade of at least C.

HIN 612. Accelerated Second-Year Hindi.

Continuation of Hindi 604. Six lecture hours a week for one semester. Hindi 612 and 312K may not both be counted; Hindi 612 and 312L may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Hindi 604 with a grade of at least C.

HIN 312K. Second-Year Hindi I.

Not open to native speakers of Hindi. Modern Hindi of India. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Hindi 612 and 312K may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Hindi 507 with a grade of at least C.

HIN 312L. Second-Year Hindi II.

Not open to native speakers of Hindi. Continuation of Hindi 312K. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Hindi 612 and 312L may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Hindi 312K with a grade of at least C.

HIN 118. Practice in Spoken Hindi.

Not open to native speakers of Hindi. Instruction and practice in conversation for intermediate-level students. Two lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Hindi 507 with a grade of at least C.

HIN 119S, 219S, 319S, 419S, 519S, 619S, 719S, 819S, 919S. Topics in Hindi.

This course is used to record credit the student earns while enrolled at another institution in a program administered by the University's Study Abroad Office. Credit is recorded as assigned by the study abroad adviser of the Department of Asian Studies. University credit is awarded for work in an exchange program; it may be counted as coursework taken in residence. Transfer credit is awarded for work in an affiliated studies program. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary.

Upper-Division Courses

HIN 125. Advanced Practice in Spoken Hindi.

Instruction and practice in conversation for advanced students. Two lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Hindi 118 with a grade of at least C.

HIN 129S, 229S, 329S, 429S, 529S, 629S, 729S, 829S, 929S. Topics in Hindi.

This course is used to record credit the student earns while enrolled at another institution in a program administered by the University's Study Abroad Office. Credit is recorded as assigned by the study abroad adviser in the Department of Asian Studies. University credit is awarded for work in an exchange program; it may be counted as coursework taken in residence. Transfer credit is awarded for work in affiliated studies program. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary.

HIN 330. Topics in Hindi Language and Literature.

Study of specific subjects related to Hindi culture as reflected in its literary productions and other modes of expression. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Hindi 312L with a grade of at least C.

Topic 1: Contemporary Hindi Narratives. Designed to enhance all four language skills: reading, writing, speaking, and listening. Hindi 330 (Topic 1) and 384 (Topic 4: Contemporary Hindi Narratives) may not both be counted.
Topic 2: Hindi Drama and Film. Contemporary Hindi plays and film scripts in Devanagari script. Hindi 330 (Topic 2) and 384 (Topic 5: Hindi Drama and Film) may not both be counted.
Topic 3: Hindi Literature in the Nationalist Era. Examines the poetry and prose of a diverse group of writers who shaped Hindi literature during the nationalist era. Also includes critical studies in English. Hindi 330 (Topic 3) and 384 (Topic 6: Hindi Literature in the Nationalist Era) may not both be counted.
Topic 4: Language and Identity at the Margins of Hindi Fiction. Focuses on the stories and novels of a diverse group of writers, including Muslims, women, Biharis, and Marwaris, who have broadened the landscape of Hindi writing. Hindi 330 (Topic 4) and 384 (Topic 7: Language and Identity at the Margins of Hindi Fiction) may not both be counted.
Topic 5: Autobiography in Hindi. Hindi 330 (Topic: Autobiography in Hindi) and 330 (Topic 5) may not both be counted.

HIN 130D. Hindi Across Disciplines.

Reading and discussion of Hindi language materials related to the subject matter of another designated course in Asian studies, with a focus on linguistic and literary features, and crucial passages. One lecture hour a week for one semester. May not be counted toward fulfillment of the foreign language requirement for any bachelor's degree. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Registration for an appropriate Asian studies course, and written consent of instructor on a form obtained from the undergraduate adviser.

HIN 431K, 531K, 631K. Flagship Hindi I.

For each semester hour of credit earned, one lecture hour a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

HIN 431L, 531L, 631L. Flagship Hindi II.

For each semester hour of credit earned, one lecture hour a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

HIN 332. Style and Register in Hindi.

Practicing skills in reading, listening, writing, and speaking in everyday social situations and some formal situations. Relevant for students working toward the "Advanced" level on the American Council for the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL) proficiency scale, and equivalent to level two on the Interagency Language Roundtable (ILR) scale. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Hindi 330 (Topic: Style and Register in Hindi) and 332 may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Hindi 312L with a grade of at least C.

HIN 432K, 532K, 632K. Flagship Hindi III.

For each semester hour of credit earned, one lecture hour a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

HIN 432L, 532L, 632L. Flagship Hindi IV.

For each semester hour of credit earned, one lecture hour a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

HIN 433K, 533K, 633K. Flagship Hindi V.

Students attend a variety of language and area studies courses at one or more universities in India. For each semester hour of credit earned, the equivalent of one lecture hour a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

HIN 433L, 533L, 633L. Flagship Hindi VI.

Students attend a variety of language and area studies courses at one or more universities in India. For each semester hour of credit earned, the equivalent of one lecture hour a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

HIN 434K, 534K, 634K. Flagship Hindi VII.

For each semester hour of credit earned, one lecture hour a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

HIN 434L, 534L, 634L. Flagship Hindi VIII.

For each semester hour of credit earned, one lecture hour a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

HIN 360. Conference Course in Hindi Language and Literature.

Supervised individual study of selected problems in Hindi language and literature. Conference course. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing and written consent of instructor on form obtained from the undergraduate adviser.

Japanese: JPN

Lower-Division Courses

JPN 601D. Japanese I.

Not open to native speakers of Japanese. Designed for students with no previous coursework in Japanese. Emphasis on basic skills in listening and speaking Japanese and in reading and writing hiragana, katakana, and kanji. Introduction to Japanese culture. Includes computer-assisted instruction. Six lecture hours a week for one semester. Japanese 601D and 506 may not both be counted.

JPN 506 (TCCN: JAPN 1511). First-Year Japanese I.

Not open to native speakers of Japanese. Six class hours a week for one semester. Japanese 601D and 506 may not both be counted.

JPN 507 (TCCN: JAPN 1512). First-Year Japanese II.

Not open to native speakers of Japanese. Six class hours a week for one semester. Japanese 507 and 610D may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Japanese 506 with a grade of at least C.

JPN 610D. Japanese II.

Not open to native speakers of Japanese. Expands on skills acquired in Japanese 601D. Includes computer-assisted instruction. Six lecture hours a week for one semester. Japanese 507 and 610D may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Japanese 601D with a grade of at least C.

JPN 611D. Intermediate Japanese.

Not open to native speakers of Japanese. Intermediate level of competency in Japanese to enable students to function in a variety of real-life contexts. Six lecture hours a week for one semester. Japanese 611D and 412K may not both be counted. Japanese 611D and 412L may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Japanese 610D with a grade of at least C.

JPN 412K. Second-Year Japanese I.

Not open to native speakers of Japanese. Five class hours a week for one semester. Japanese 611D and 412K may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Japanese 507 or the equivalent with a grade of at least C.

JPN 412L. Second-Year Japanese II.

Not open to native speakers of Japanese. Five class hours a week for one semester. Japanese 611D and 412L may not both be counted. Japanese 412L and 317C may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Japanese 412K or the equivalent with a grade of at least C.

JPN 317C. Japanese Grammar, Composition, and Conversation.

Not open to native speakers of Japanese. Designed to prepare students for specialized advanced Japanese language courses. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Japanese 412L and 317C may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Japanese 611D with a grade of at least C.

JPN 119S, 219S, 319S, 419S, 519S, 619S, 719S, 819S, 919S. Topics in Japanese.

This course is used to record credit the student earns while enrolled at another institution in a program administered by the University's Study Abroad Office. Credit is recorded as assigned by the study abroad adviser in the Department of Asian Studies. University credit is awarded for work in an exchange program; it may be counted as coursework taken in residence. Transfer credit is awarded for work in an affiliated studies program. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary.

Upper-Division Courses

JPN 320K. Readings in Modern Japanese I.

Not open to native speakers of Japanese. Exploration of different types of texts written in a variety of grammar structures with rich vocabulary. Examination of similarities and differences between various aspects of Japanese culture and the student's own culture. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Japanese 412L or 317C with a grade of at least C.

JPN 320L. Readings in Modern Japanese II.

Not open to native speakers of Japanese. Continued development of Japanese reading and comprehension skills using authentic print and web-based resources. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Japanese 320K with a grade of at least C.

JPN 322. Classical Japanese.

An introduction to the principal elements of premodern literary or "classical" Japanese (bungo), the standard form of the written language. A survey of the principal linguistic features, close reading, and translation of a variety of prose and poetry texts. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Japanese 320L with a grade of at least C.

JPN 325K. Advanced Conversation I.

Not open to native speakers of Japanese. Conversations on more complex situations and topics, including formal and informal contexts; designed to continue students' development of conversation skills taught in Japanese 412L and 317C. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Japanese 412L or 317C with a grade of at least C.

JPN 325L. Advanced Conversation II.

Not open to native speakers of Japanese. Continued development of conversation skills taught in Japanese 325K. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Japanese 325K with a grade of at least C.

JPN 326. Business Japanese.

Not open to native speakers of Japanese. Development of basic business manners and business-related vocabulary and conversation skills appropriate in an office environment. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Japanese 412L or 317C with a grade of at least C.

JPN 327. Advanced Reading and Writing of Kanji Characters.

Not open to native speakers of Japanese. Building more advanced vocabulary and kanji knowledge through systematic study (recognition, reading, and writing) of kanji. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Japanese 412L or 317C with a grade of at least C.

JPN 129S, 229S, 329S, 429S, 529S, 629S, 729S, 829S, 929S. Topics in Japanese.

Not open to native speakers of Japanese. This course is used to record credit the student earns while enrolled at another institution in a program administered by the University's Study Abroad Office. Credit is recorded as assigned by the study abroad adviser in the Department of Asian Studies. University credit is awarded for work in an exchange program; it may be counted as coursework taken in residence. Transfer credit is awarded for work in an affiliated studies program. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary.

JPN 330. Topics in Advanced Japanese.

Not open to native speakers of Japanese. Fourth-year Japanese readings on special topics. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Japanese 320L with a grade of at least C.

Topic 1: Intensive Advanced Japanese Language: Japan. Taught in Japan in Japanese. Emphasizes reading skills and conversation.
Topic 2: Advanced Readings in Newspaper Articles. For students with an advanced level of proficiency in Japanese. Conducted in Japanese. Readings from newspaper articles and other authentic materials, including short stories and websites, selected to expand linguistic and social knowledge, vocabulary, and knowledge of kanji.
Topic 3: Practical Readings in Advanced Japanese. For students with an advanced level of proficiency in Japanese. Conducted in Japanese. Readings selected to promote a wide variety of reading skills such as scanning, skimming, prediction, reading for details, and reading for meaning. Readings include essays, comic strips, short stories, websites, magazine and newspaper articles, and other authentic materials.
Topic 4: Reading Japanese Literature. Japanese 330 (Topic: Reading Japanese Literature) and 330 (Topic 4) may not both be counted.

JPN 130D. Japanese across Disciplines.

Reading and discussion of Japanese language materials related to the subject matter of another designated course in Asian studies. Meetings with the instructor will be devoted to the discussion of linguistic problems, literary features, and crucial passages. Individual instruction. May not be counted toward fulfillment of the foreign language requirement for any bachelor's degree. May be repeated for credit. Offered on the pass/fail basis only. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing, concurrent enrollment in an appropriate Asian studies course, and written consent of instructor on form obtained from the undergraduate adviser.

JPN 360. Conference Course in Japanese Language and Literature.

Not open to native speakers of Japanese. Supervised individual study of selected problems in Japanese language or literature. Conference course. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing, six semester hours of upper-division coursework in Japanese, and written consent of instructor on form obtained from the undergraduate adviser.

Korean: KOR

Lower-Division Courses

KOR 604. Accelerated First-Year Korean.

Designed for students who understand or speak but do not read or write Korean. Not open to native speakers of Korean. Six class hours a week for one semester. Korean 604 and 506 may not both be counted; Korean 604 and 507 may not both be counted.

KOR 506 (TCCN: KORE 1511). First-Year Korean I.

Not open to native speakers of Korean. Five class hours a week for one semester. Korean 604 and 506 may not both be counted.

KOR 507 (TCCN: KORE 1512). First-Year Korean II.

Not open to native speakers of Korean. Continuation of Korean 506. Five class hours a week for one semester. Korean 604 and 507 may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Korean 506 with a grade of at least C.

KOR 612. Accelerated Second-Year Korean.

Not open to native speakers of Korean. Continuation of Korean 604. Six class hours a week for one semester. Korean 612 and 412K may not both be counted; Korean 612 and 412L may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Korean 604 with a grade of at least C.

KOR 412K. Second-Year Korean I.

Not open to native speakers of Korean. Four lecture hours a week for one semester. Korean 612 and 412K may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Korean 507 with a grade of at least C.

KOR 412L. Second-Year Korean II.

Not open to native speakers of Korean. Four lecture hours a week for one semester. Korean 612 and 412L may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Korean 412K with a grade of at least C.

KOR 119S, 219S, 319S, 419S, 519S, 619S, 719S, 819S, 919S. Topics in Korean.

This course is used to record credit the student earns while enrolled at another institution in a program administered by the University's Study Abroad Office. Credit is recorded as assigned by the study abroad adviser in the Department of Asian Studies. University credit is awarded for work in an exchange program; it may be counted as coursework taken in residence. Transfer credit is awarded for work in an affiliated studies program. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary.

Upper-Division Courses

KOR 320K. Third-Year Korean I.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Korean 612 or 412L with a grade of at least C.

KOR 320L. Third-Year Korean II.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Korean 320K with a grade of at least C.

KOR 129S, 229S, 329S, 429S, 529S, 629S, 729S, 829S, 929S. Topics in Korean.

This course is used to record credit the student earns while enrolled at another institution in a program administered by the University's Study Abroad Office. Credit is recorded as assigned by the study abroad adviser in the Department of Asian Studies. University credit is awarded for work in an exchange program; it may be counted as coursework taken in residence. Transfer credit is awarded for work in an affiliated studies program. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary.

KOR 330. Topics in Advanced Korean.

Fourth-year Korean readings on special topics. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Korean 320L with a grade of at least C.

Topic 1: Advanced Conversation in Korean. Emphasis on achieving an advanced level of proficiency in modern conversational Korean, with additional practice in advanced writing and listening skills. Korean 330 (Topic: Advanced Conversation) and 330 (Topic 1) may not both be counted.
Topic 2: Advanced Readings in Korean I. Selected modern Korean poems, short stories, and essays to develop reading and writing skills in advanced Korean. Includes discussion of cultural and historical issues. Korean 330 (Topic: Readings in Advanced Korean I) and 330 (Topic 2) may not both be counted.

KOR 360. Conference Course in Korean Language and Literature.

Supervised individual study of selected problems in Korean language or literature. Conference course. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Korean 412K and written consent of instructor on form obtained from the undergraduate adviser.

Malayalam: MAL

Lower-Division Courses

MAL 506. First-Year Malayalam I.

Standard Malayalam of Kerala. Five class hours a week for one semester.

MAL 507. First-Year Malayalam II.

Five class hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Malayalam 506 with a grade of at least C.

MAL 312K. Second-Year Malayalam I.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Malayalam 507 with a grade of at least C.

MAL 312L. Second-Year Malayalam II.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Malayalam 312K with a grade of at least C.

MAL 119S, 219S, 319S, 419S, 519S, 619S, 719S, 819S, 919S. Topics in Malayalam.

This course is used to record credit the student earns while enrolled at another institution in a program administered by the University's Study Abroad Office. Credit is recorded as assigned by the study abroad adviser in the Department of Asian Studies. University credit is awarded for work in an exchange program; it may be counted as coursework taken in residence. Transfer credit is awarded for work in an affiliated studies program. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary.

Upper-Division Courses

MAL 129S, 229S, 329S, 429S, 529S, 629S, 729S, 829S, 929S. Topics in Malayalam.

This course is used to record credit the student earns while enrolled at another institution in a program administered by the University's Study Abroad Office. Credit is recorded as assigned by the study abroad adviser for the Department of Asian Studies. University credit is awarded for work in an exchange program; it may be counted as coursework taken in residence. Transfer credit is awarded for work in an affiliated studies program. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary.

MAL 330. Topics in Malayalam Language and Literature.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Malayalam 312L with a grade of at least C.

MAL 360. Conference Course in Malayalam Language and Literature.

Supervised individual study of selected problems in Malayalam language or literature. Conference course. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Malayalam 312L and written consent of instructor on form obtained from the undergraduate adviser.

Pashto: PSH

Lower-Division Courses

PSH 506. First-Year Pashto I.

Not open to native speakers of Pashto. Emphasis on basic skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Five lecture hours a week for one semester.

PSH 507. First-Year Pashto II.

Not open to native speakers of Pashto. Continuation of Pashto 506, with emphasis on basic skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Five lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Pashto 506 with a grade of at least C.

PSH 312K. Second-Year Pashto I.

Not open to native speakers of Pashto. Listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills in Pashto at the second-year level. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Pashto 507 with a grade of at least C.

PSH 312L. Second-Year Pashto II.

Not open to native speakers of Pashto. Listening, speaking, reading, and writing Pashto at the advanced second-year level. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Pashto 312K with a grade of at least C.

PSH 119S, 219S, 319S, 419S, 519S, 619S, 719S, 819S, 919S. Topics in Pashto.

This course is used to record credit the student earns while enrolled at another institution in a program administered by the University's Study Abroad Office. Credit is recorded as assigned by the study abroad adviser in the Department of Asian Studies. University credit is awarded for work in an exchange program; it may be counted as coursework taken in residence. Transfer credit is awarded for work in an affiliated studies program. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary.

Upper-Division Courses

PSH 320K. Readings in Modern Pashto I.

Readings in expository prose: selections from journals, newspapers, and other sources. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Pashto 312L with a grade of at least C.

PSH 320L. Readings in Modern Pashto II.

Readings in modern fiction, poetry, and drama. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Pashto 320K with a grade of at least C.

PSH 129S, 229S, 329S, 429S, 529S, 629S, 729S, 829S, 929S. Topics in Pashto.

This course is used to record credit the student earns while enrolled at another institution in a program administered by the University's Study Abroad Office. Credit is recorded as assigned by the study abroad adviser in the Department of Asian Studies. University credit is awarded for work in an exchange program; it may be counted as coursework taken in residence. Transfer credit is awarded for work in an affiliated studies program. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary.

PSH 330. Topics in Advanced Pashto.

Fourth-year Pashto readings on special topics. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Pashto 320K and 320L with a grade of at least C in each.

Sanskrit: SAN

Lower-Division Courses

SAN 506. First-Year Sanskrit I.

Introduction to basic grammatical principles, with reading of Ramayana episodes as illustrations. Five class hours a week for one semester.

SAN 507. First-Year Sanskrit II.

Detailed study of problems of grammar and syntax; reading of extracts from Hitopadesha and the Bhagavad Gita. Five class hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Sanskrit 506 with a grade of at least C.

SAN 312K. Second-Year Sanskrit I.

Introduction to classical Sanskrit prose literature; readings from the Epics and Kathasaritsagara. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Sanskrit 507 with a grade of at least C.

SAN 312L. Second-Year Sanskrit II.

Introduction to classical Sanskrit poetry and philosophical literature; readings from the Upanishads and Kalidasa's Meghaduta. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Sanskrit 312K with a grade of at least C.

SAN 119S, 219S, 319S, 419S, 519S, 619S, 719S, 819S, 919S. Topics in Sanskrit.

This course is used to record credit the student earns while enrolled at another institution in a program administered by the University's Study Abroad Office. Credit is recorded as assigned by the study abroad adviser in the Department of Asian Studies. University credit is awarded for work in an exchange program; it may be counted as coursework taken in residence. Transfer credit is awarded for work in an affiliated studies program. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary.

Upper-Division Courses

SAN 325K. Advanced Sanskrit Readings and Composition I.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Sanskrit 312L with a grade of at least C.

SAN 325L. Advanced Sanskrit Readings and Composition II.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Sanskrit 325K with a grade of at least C.

SAN 129S, 229S, 329S, 429S, 529S, 629S, 729S, 829S, 929S. Topics in Sanskrit.

This course is used to record credit the student earns while enrolled at another institution in a program administered by the University's Study Abroad Office. Credit is recorded as assigned by the study abroad adviser in the Department of Asian Studies. University credit is awarded for work in an exchange program; it may be counted as coursework taken in residence. Transfer work is awarded for work in an affiliated studies program. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary.

SAN 330. Topics in Sanskrit Language and Literature.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Sanskrit 312L with a grade of at least C.

Topic 1: Sanskrit Drama. Provides students with a firmer foundation in Sanskrit grammar, syntax, and vocabulary; and an appreciation of the aesthetics of Sanskrit drama. Sanskrit 330 (Topic: Sanskrit Drama) and 330 (Topic 1) may not both be counted.
Topic 2: Vedic Poetry. Religious and literary features of Vedic poetry, the development of Vedic Sanskrit, and the relation of Vedic to Classical Sanskrit. Sanskrit 330 (Topic: Vedic Poetry) and 330 (Topic 2) may not both be counted.

SAN 360. Conference Course in Sanskrit Language and Literature.

Supervised individual study of selected problems in Sanskrit language or literature. Conference course. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing, Sanskrit 312L, and written consent of instructor on form obtained from the undergraduate adviser.

South Asian Languages: SAL

Lower-Division Courses

SAL 506. First-Year South Asian Languages I.

Emphasis on four-skills proficiency: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Five lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary.

SAL 507. First-Year South Asian Languages II.

Emphasis on four-skills proficiency: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Five lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: South Asian Languages 506 with a grade of at least C.

SAL 312K. Second-Year South Asian Languages I.

Listening, speaking, reading, and writing at the second-year level. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: South Asian Languages 507 with a grade of at least C.

SAL 312L. Second-Year South Asian Languages II.

Listening, speaking, reading, and writing at the advanced, second-year level. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: South Asian Languages 312K with a grade of at least C.

Upper-Division Courses

Tamil: TAM

Lower-Division Courses

TAM 604. Accelerated First-Year Tamil.

Not open to native speakers of Tamil. Designed for students who understand or speak but do not read or write Tamil. Six class hours a week for one semester. Tamil 604 and 506 may not both be counted; Tamil 604 and 507 may not both be counted.

TAM 506. First-Year Tamil I.

Not open to native speakers of Tamil. Five lecture hours a week for one semester. Tamil 506 and 604 may not both be counted.

TAM 507. First-Year Tamil II.

Not open to native speakers of Tamil. Five lecture hours a week for one semester. Tamil 604 and 507 may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Tamil 506 with a grade of at least C.

TAM 612. Accelerated Second-Year Tamil.

Not open to native speakers of Tamil. Continuation of Tamil 604. Designed for students who understand or speak but do not read or write Tamil. Six class hours a week for one semester. Tamil 612 and 312K may not both be counted; Tamil 612 and 312L may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Tamil 604 with a grade of at least C.

TAM 312K. Second-Year Tamil I.

Not open to native speakers of Tamil. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Tamil 612 and 312K may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Tamil 507 with a grade of at least C.

TAM 312L. Second-Year Tamil II.

Not open to native speakers of Tamil. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Tamil 612 and 312L may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Tamil 312K with a grade of at least C.

Upper-Division Courses

TAM 320K. Advanced Tamil I.

Not open to native speakers of Tamil. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Tamil 312L with a grade of at least C.

TAM 320L. Advanced Tamil II.

Not open to native speakers of Tamil. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Tamil 320K with a grade of at least C.

TAM 129S, 229S, 329S, 429S, 529S, 629S, 729S, 829S, 929S. Topics in Tamil.

This course is used to record credit the student earns while enrolled at another institution in a program administered by the University's Study Abroad Office. Credit is recorded as assigned by the study abroad adviser in the Department of Asian Studies. University credit is awarded for work in an exchange program; it may be counted as coursework taken in residence. Transfer credit is awarded for work in an affiliated studies program. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary.

TAM 330. Topics in Tamil Language and Literature.

Not open to native speakers of Tamil. Study of specific subjects related to South Asian culture as reflected in Tamil literary productions and other modes of expression. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Tamil 312L with a grade of at least C.

TAM 360. Conference Course in Tamil Language and Literature.

Supervised individual study of selected problems in Tamil language and literature. Conference course. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing and written consent of instructor on form obtained from the undergraduate adviser.

Telugu: TEL

Lower-Division Courses

TEL 604. Accelerated First-Year Telugu.

Six lecture hours a week for one semester. Telugu 604 and 506 may not both be counted; Telugu 604 and 507 may not both be counted.

TEL 506. First-Year Telugu I.

Not open to native speakers of Telugu. Five class hours a week for one semester. Telugu 604 and 506 may not both be counted.

TEL 507. First-Year Telugu II.

Not open to native speakers of Telugu. Five class hours a week for one semester. Telugu 604 and 507 may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Telugu 506 with a grade of at least C.

TEL 612. Accelerated Second-Year Telugu.

Continuation of Telugu 604. Six lecture hours a week for one semester. Telugu 612 and 312K may not both be counted; Telugu 612 and 312L may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Telugu 604.

TEL 312K. Second-Year Telugu I.

Not open to native speakers of Telugu. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Telugu 612 and 312K may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Telugu 507 with a grade of at least C.

TEL 312L. Second-Year Telugu II.

Not open to native speakers of Telugu. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Telugu 612 and 312L may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Telugu 312K with a grade of at least C.

TEL 118K. Practice in Spoken Telugu.

Not open to native speakers of Telugu. Instruction and practice in conversation for intermediate-level students. Two lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Telugu 507 with a grade of at least C.

TEL 118L. Practice in Spoken Telugu II.

Not open to native speakers of Telugu. Instruction and practice in conversation for intermediate-level students. Two lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Telugu 312K or 118K with a grade of at least C.

Upper-Division Courses

TEL 129S, 229S, 329S, 429S, 529S, 629S, 729S, 829S, 929S. Topics in Telugu.

This course is used to record credit the student earns while enrolled at another institution in a program administered by the University's Study Abroad Office. Credit is recorded as assigned by the study abroad adviser in the Department of Asian Studies. University credit is awarded for work in an exchange program; it may be counted as coursework taken in residence. Transfer credit is awarded for work in an affiliated studies program. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary.

TEL 330. Telugu Language and Literature.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Telugu 312L with a grade of at least C.

TEL 360. Conference Course in Telugu Language and Literature.

Individual instruction. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing and written consent of instructor on form obtained from the undergraduate adviser.

Urdu: URD

Lower-Division Courses

URD 604. Accelerated First-Year Urdu.

Designed for students who have some knowledge of spoken Urdu but have not studied Urdu formally. Six lecture hours a week for one semester. Hindi 604 and Urdu 604 may not both be counted; Hindi 506 and Urdu 604 may not both be counted; Hindi 507 and Urdu 604 may not both be counted; Urdu 604 and 506 may not both be counted; Urdu 604 and 507 may not both be counted.

URD 506. First-Year Urdu I.

Not open to native speakers of Urdu. Five class hours a week for one semester. Urdu 604 and 506 may not both be counted.

URD 507. First-Year Urdu II.

Not open to native speakers of Urdu. Five class hours a week for one semester. Urdu 604 and 507 may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Urdu 506 with a grade of at least C.

URD 612. Accelerated Second-Year Urdu.

Continuation of Urdu 604. Six lecture hours a week for one semester. Urdu 612 and 312K may not both be counted; Urdu 612 and 312L may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Urdu 604 with a grade of at least C.

URD 312K. Second-Year Urdu I.

Not open to native speakers of Urdu. Introduction to the Urdu script, followed by Urdu reading, composition, and conversation. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Urdu 612 and 312K may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Urdu 507 with a grade of at least C.

URD 312L. Second-Year Urdu II.

Not open to native speakers of Urdu. Continuation of Urdu 312K. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Urdu 612 and 312L may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Urdu 312K with a grade of at least C.

URD 118K. Practice in Spoken Urdu I.

Not open to native speakers of Urdu. Instruction and practice in conversation for intermediate-level students. Two lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Urdu 507 with a grade of at least C.

URD 118L. Practice in Spoken Urdu II.

Not open to native speakers of Urdu. Two lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Urdu 118K with a grade of at least C.

Upper-Division Courses

URD 129S, 229S, 329S, 429S, 529S, 629S, 729S, 829S, 929S. Topics in Urdu.

This course is used to record credit the student earns while enrolled at another institution in a program administered by the University's Study Abroad Office. Credit is recorded as assigned by the study abroad adviser in the Department of Asian Studies. University credit is awarded for work in an exchange program; it may be counted as coursework taken in residence. Transfer credit is awarded for work in an affiliated studies program. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary.

URD 330. Topics in Urdu Language and Literature.

Study of specific subjects related to Urdu culture as reflected in literary productions and other modes of expression. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Urdu 312L with a grade of at least C.

Topic 1: Female Voices in Urdu Literature. Survey of prose and poetry written in Urdu by women during the last three centuries. Only one of the following may be counted: Religious Studies 341 (Topic: Female Voices in Urdu Literature), Urdu 330 (Topic 1), 384 (Topic 4).
Topic 2: Love and Devotion in Urdu Literature. Examination of various literary genres that are shaped by discourses on the love of God and devotion to the prophet Muhammad. Urdu 330 (Topic 2) and 384 (Topic 5) may not both be counted.
Topic 3: Philosophy and Poetry of Iqbal. Explores the prose and poetry written by the most influential twentieth-century Muslim reformer in South Asia, Muhammad Iqbal. Urdu 330 (Topic 3) and 384 (Topic 6) may not both be counted.
Topic 4: Urdu Aesthetics. Intensive overview of the most popular lyrical genre of Urdu poetry, the ghazal, and the standards used to judge a good ghazal. Urdu 330 (Topic 4) and 384 (Topic 7) may not both be counted.
Topic 5: Urdu Short Stories: Manto. Survey of the writings of Sadat Hasan Manto. Primary texts in Urdu, secondary materials in English. Urdu 330 (Topic: Urdu Short Stories: Manto) and 330 (Topic 5) may not both be counted.
Topic 6: Qawwali Aesthetics. Examination of the devotional currency of Qawwali, and issues of gender, class, religious differences, and nationalism. Explores the relationship between oral and written literature and tensions between local aesthetics and the process of globalization. Urdu 330 (Topic: Qawwali Aesthetics) and 330 (Topic 6) may not both be counted.
Topic 7: Partition in Literature and Film. Urdu 330 (Topic: Partition in Literature and Film) and 330 (Topic 7) may not both be counted.

URD 130D. Urdu Across Disciplines.

Reading of Urdu language materials related to the subject matter of another designated course in Asian studies. One lecture hour a week for one semester. May not be counted toward fulfillment of the foreign language requirement for any bachelor's degree. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Registration for an appropriate Asian studies course, and written consent of instructor on form obtained from the undergraduate adviser.

URD 431K, 531K, 631K. Flagship Urdu I.

For each semester hour of credit earned, one lecture hour a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

URD 431L, 531L, 631L. Flagship Urdu II.

For each semester hour of credit earned, one lecture hour a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

URD 332. Style and Register in Urdu.

Practice of skills in reading, listening, writing, and speaking for everyday social situations and some formal situations. Relevant to students working toward the "Advanced" level on the American Council for the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL) proficiency scale, equivalent to level 2 on the Interagency Language Roundtable (ILR) scale. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Urdu 330 (Topic: Style and Register in Urdu) and 332 may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Urdu 312L with a grade of at least C.

URD 432K, 532K, 632K. Flagship Urdu III.

For each semester hour of credit earned, one lecture hour a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

URD 432L, 532L, 632L. Flagship Urdu IV.

For each semester hour of credit earned, one lecture hour a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

URD 433K, 533K, 633K. Flagship Urdu V.

Students attend a variety of language and area studies courses at one or more universities in India. For each semester hour of credit earned, the equivalent of one lecture hour a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

URD 433L, 533L, 633L. Flagship Urdu VI.

Students attend a variety of language and area studies courses at one or more universities in India. For each semester hour of credit earned, the equivalent of one lecture hour a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

URD 434K, 534K, 634K. Flagship Urdu VII.

For each semester hour of credit earned, one lecture hour a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

URD 434L, 534L, 634L. Flagship Urdu VIII.

For each semester hour of credit earned, one lecture hour a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

URD 360. Conference Course in Urdu Language and Literature.

Supervised individual study of selected problems in Urdu language or literature. Conference course. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing and written consent of instructor on form obtained from the undergraduate adviser.