Department of Religious Studies

Religious Studies: R S

Lower-Division Courses

R S 302. History of the Religions of Asia.

Same as Asian Studies 301R. Eastern religions: an introduction to the basic forms and the historical development of the religious traditions of India, China, and Japan. Three lecture hours a week for one semester.

R S 304. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam: An Introduction.

Same as History 304R, Islamic Studies 311 (Topic 2: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam: An Introduction), and Jewish Studies 311 (Topic 2: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam: An Introduction). Examines the intertwined historical development of the religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, and explores the principal beliefs and practices of Jews, Christians, and Muslims. Three lecture hours a week for one semester.

R S 305. Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion.

Same as Core Texts and Ideas 310 (Topic 3) and Philosophy 305. A critical examination of various conceptions of God and of the relationship of the human and the divine. Three lecture hours or two lecture hours and one laboratory/discussion hour a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Core Texts and Ideas 310 (Topic: Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion), 310 (Topic 3), Philosophy 305, Religious Studies 305.

R S 306. Topics in Comparative Religion.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Additional hours are required for some topics. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Varies with the topic.

Topic 1: The Roots of Religious Toleration. Same as European Studies 306 (Topic 3), History 317N (Topic 1), and Jewish Studies 311 (Topic 5). Examines how freedom of conscience and religion crystallized in western and central Europe, both as a pragmatic practice and as a matter of principle. Only one of the following may be counted: Core Texts and Ideas 310 (Topic: Roots of Religious Toleration), European Studies 306 (Topic: Roots of Religious Toleration), 306 (Topic 3), History 317N (Topic: Roots of Religious Toleration), 317N (Topic 1), Jewish Studies 311 (Topic: Roots of Religious Toleration), 311 (Topic 5), Religious Studies 306 (Topic: Roots of Religious Toleration), 306 (Topic 1).
Topic 2: Literature and Religion. Same as English 314J (Topic 2). Only one of the following may be counted: English 314J (Topic: Literature and Religion), 314J (Topic 2), Religious Studies 306 (Topic: Literature and Religion), 306 (Topic 2).

R S 306C. Comparative Religious Ethics.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Religious Studies 306 (Topic: Comparative Religious Ethics) and 306C may not both be counted.

R S 310. Introduction to the Study of Religion.

Introduction to scholarly methods in the study of religion. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 301M (Topic 5: Introduction to the Study of Religion), Religious Studies 310, Sociology 313K.

R S 312. Topics in the Religions of Asia.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Varies with the topic.

R S 312C. Introduction to Buddhism.

Same as Asian Studies 301M (Topic 11: Introduction to Buddhism). A structural and historical overview of Buddhism through the examination of various schools, doctrines, biographical narratives, and contemporary ethical issues. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 301M (Topic 11), Religious Studies 312 (Topic: Introduction to Buddhism), 312C.

R S 313. Topics in Judaism.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Varies with the topic.

R S 313C. Introduction to the Old Testament.

Same as Core Texts and Ideas 305G, Jewish Studies 311 (Topic 4), and Middle Eastern Studies 310 (Topic 3). Introduction to the many interpretations of the Hebrew Bible (the Old Testament) and its meaning in the context of its historical and cultural setting in the ancient Near East. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Core Texts and Ideas 305G, 310 (Topic: Introduction to the Hebrew Bible), Jewish Studies 311 (Topic: Introduction to the Hebrew Bible), 311 (Topic 4), Middle Eastern Studies 310 (Topic: Introduction to the Hebrew Bible), 310 (Topic 3), Religious Studies 313 (Topic: Introduction to the Hebrew Bible), 313C.

R S 313M. Jewish Civilization: Beginnings to 1492.

Same as History 306N (Topic 10: Jewish Civilization: Beginnings to 1492) and Jewish Studies 304M. Introduction to the history, culture, and religion of the Jewish people from around 1000 BC to the end of the medieval period. Subjects may include ancient Israel, late Second Temple sectarianism, the rise of Christianity, rabbinic Judaism, medieval Jewish philosophy, Jewish mysticism, and Hebrew poetry. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: History 306N (Topic: Jewish Civilization I), 306N (Topic 10), Jewish Studies 304M, 311 (Topic: Jewish Civilization I), Religious Studies 313 (Topic: Jewish Civilization I), 313M.

R S 313N. Jewish Civilization: 1492 to the Present.

Same as History 306N (Topic 11: Jewish Civilization: 1492 to the Present) and Jewish Studies 304N. Subjects may include trends toward secularization, the emancipation of European Jewry, the emergence of American Jewry, the Holocaust, the establishment of the State of Israel, and the Arab-Israeli conflict. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: History 306N (Topic 11), Jewish Studies 304N, 311 (Topic: Jewish Civilization: 1492 to the Present), Religious Studies 313 (Topic: Jewish Civilization: 1492 to the Present), 313N.

R S 314. Topics in Islam.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Varies with the topic.

R S 314K. Introduction to the Middle East: Religious, Cultural, and Historical Foundations.

Same as History 306K and Middle Eastern Studies 301K. A survey of the history and civilization of the Middle East from the sixth to the fourteenth century. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: History 306K, Middle Eastern Studies 301K, Religious Studies 314 (Topic: Intro M East: Rel/Cul/Hist Fnd), 314K.

R S 315. Topics in Christian History.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Varies with the topic.

Topic 1: The Bible and Its Interpreters. Same as Core Texts and Ideas 304 (Topic 1). Seeks to develop a wide-ranging familiarity with the Jewish and Christian Bibles and with the dominant modes of ancient, medieval, and early modern biblical interpretation. Readings include an extensive range of primary sources, including both the Scriptures themselves and some of their most influential exegetes. Only one of the following may be counted: Core Texts and Ideas 304 (Topic 1), Religious Studies 315 (Topic: The Bible and Its Interpreters), Religious Studies 315 (Topic 1).

R S 315N. Introduction to the New Testament.

Examines representative examples of the texts found in the Christian New Testament and selected noncanonical writings. Focuses on historical setting and systematic methods of interpretation. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Classical Civilization 304C (Topic: Introduction to the New Testament), Religious Studies 315 (Topic: Introduction to the New Testament), 315N.

R S 316K. Topics in Religions of the Americas.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Varies with the topic.

Topic 2: American Jews: The Yiddish Experience. Same as American Studies 315 (Topic 6) and Jewish Studies 311 (Topic 9). Focuses on over a century of Yiddish-based contributions to American literature, music, and film, including works by Isaac Bashevis Singer, Michael Chabon, Woody Allen, and the Marx Brothers. Only one of the following may be counted: American Studies 315 (Topic: Jews in America: The Yiddish Experience), 315 (Topic 4), 315 (Topic 6), Jewish Studies 311 (Topic: Jews in America: The Yiddish Experience), 311 (Topic 6), 311 (Topic 9), Religious Studies 313 (Topic: Jews in America: The Yiddish Experience), 313 (Topic 1), 316K (Topic 2).

R S 316U. Topics in Religions of the United States.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Some topics partially fulfill legislative requirement for American history. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Varies with the topic.

Topic 1: History of Religion in the United States. Same as American Studies 315 (Topic 5) and History 317L (Topic 16). Explores instances of religious dominance and religious diversity in United States history. Moving from the pre-colonial period to the present, it examines the changing circumstances of several religious communities, including American Indians and Puritans, Protestant evangelicals, Mormons, Roman Catholics, Jews, Muslims, and Hindus. Only one of the following may be counted: American Studies 315 (Topic: History of Religion in the United States), 315 (Topic 5), History 317L (Topic: History of Religion in the United States), 317L (Topic 16), Religious Studies 316U (Topic: History of Religion in the United States), 316U (Topic 1). Partially fulfills legislative requirement for American history.

R S 317. Topics in the Religions of Africa.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Varies with the topic.

R S 318. The Rise of Christianity.

Same as Classical Civilization 318. Introduction to the origins and development of Christianity. Three lecture hours a week for one semester.

R S 319. Introduction to Islam.

Same as Asian Studies 301M (Topic 15), History 306N (Topic 7), and Islamic Studies 310. The beliefs, theology, history, and main social and legal institutions of Islam, including the concept of God and society, the role of women, and Islamic government and movements. Three lecture hours or two lecture hours and one discussion hour a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 301M (Topic 15), History 306N (Topic 7), Islamic Studies 310, Religious Studies 319.

R S 119S, 219S, 319S, 419S, 519S, 619S, 719S, 819S, 919S. Topics in Religious Studies.

This course is used to record credit the student earns while enrolled at another institution in a program administered by the University's Study Abroad Office. Credit is recorded as assigned by the study abroad adviser in the Department of Religious Studies. University credit is awarded for work in an exchange program; it may be counted as coursework taken in residence. Transfer credit is awarded for work in an affiliated studies program. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary.

Upper-Division Courses

R S 321. History of Hindu Religious Traditions.

Same as Anthropology 324L (Topic 23: History of Hindu Religious Traditions), Asian Studies 340 (Topic 4: History of Hindu Religious Traditions), and History 364G (Topic 1: History of Hindu Religious Traditions). History of major doctrines, practices, and institutions that shaped the development of Hinduism; how religions adapt to social and cultural change and often provide the catalyst for change. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

R S 322. History of Indian Buddhism.

Same as Asian Studies 340 (Topic 5: History of Indian Buddhism). The institutional, social, economic, and doctrinal history of Buddhism in India. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing or consent of instructor.

R S 325. Prophet of Islam: His Life and Times.

Same as History 364G (Topic 2: Prophet of Islam: His Life and Times) and Islamic Studies 340 (Topic 1: Prophet of Islam: His Life and Times). A detailed study of the prophet Muhammad's life and message, and of the means by which his life was recorded and popularized. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: History 364G (Topic 2), Islamic Studies 340 (Topic 1), Middle Eastern Studies 321K (Topic 6: Prophet of Islam: His Life and Times), Religious Studies 325. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

R S 325G. The Qur'an.

Same as Comparative Literature 323 (Topic 37), Core Texts and Ideas 375 (Topic 1), Islamic Studies 340 (Topic 2), Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 321 (Topic 9), Middle Eastern Studies 342 (Topic 16), and Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic 54). The history, language, style, and themes of the Qur'an. Only one of the following may be counted: Arabic 372 (Topic 2: The Qur'an), Comparative Literature 323 (Topic: The Qur'an), 323 (Topic 37), Core Texts and Ideas 375 (Topic: The Qur'an), Core Texts and Ideas 375 (Topic 1), Islamic Studies 340 (Topic 2), Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 321 (Topic 9), Middle Eastern Studies 320 (Topic 14: The Qur'an), 342 (Topic 16), Religious Studies 325G, Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic: The Qur'an), 340 (Topic 54). Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

R S 326. History of Religion in America since 1800.

Same as History 351P. Introduction to the history of religion in the United States of America from the nineteenth century to the present. Focuses on how diverse peoples imagined and transformed the landscape, interacted with one another at different sites, and moved within and across national borders. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Partially fulfills legislative requirement for American history. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

R S 129S, 229S, 329S, 429S, 529S, 629S, 729S, 829S, 929S. Topics in Religious Studies.

This course is used to record credit the student earns while enrolled at another institution in a program administered by the University's Study Abroad Office. Credit is recorded as assigned by the study abroad adviser in the Department of Religious Studies. University credit is awarded for work in an exchange program; it may be counted as coursework taken in residence. Transfer credit is awarded for work in an affiliated program. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary.

R S 335. Jesus in History and Tradition.

Same as Classical Civilization 348 (Topic 10: Jesus in History and Tradition). Critical issues, scholarly debates, and historical methods in studying the development of the Christian tradition regarding the figure of Jesus. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

R S 341. Topics in Religions of South Asia.

Three lecture hours or two lecture hours and one laboratory/discussion hour a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Varies with the topic.

Topic 1: Indian Philosophies. Same as Asian Studies 372 (Topic 2: Indian Philosophies) and Philosophy 348 (Topic 2: Indian Philosophies).
Topic 2: Diversity of Indian Traditions. Same as Asian Studies 372 (Topic 19: Diversity of Indian Traditions). Art and architecture of South Asia from 1200 to 1900 CE, within the context of Indian culture. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: For art history and visual art studies majors, Art History 302 and 303; for others, at least one of the following is advisable but not required: Art History 301, 302, 303.
Topic 3: Gender, Sexuality, and the Family in Indian Religions and Cultures. Same as Anthropology 324L (Topic 40: Gender, Sexuality, and the Family in Indian Religions and Cultures), Asian Studies 372 (Topic 25: Gender, Sexuality, and the Family in Indian Religions and Cultures), and Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic 25: Gender, Sexuality, and the Family in Indian Religions and Cultures). A comprehensive historical overview of gender issues as they are represented in the textual traditions of South Asia.
Topic 5: Gandhi and Gandhism. Same as Asian Studies 361 (Topic 6: Gandhi and Gandhism) and History 350L (Topic 5: Gandhi and Gandhism).
Topic 8: Buddhist Art. Same as Asian Studies 372 (Topic 24) and Art History 348N. Explores the development of Buddhist art in South Asia, the land of its origin as well as its spread elsewhere. Focus on the question of "what is" Buddhist art. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Art History 348N, 372 (Topic: Buddhist Art), Asian Studies 372 (Topic 24), Religious Studies 341 (Topic 8).
Topic 9: The Taj Mahal and the Diversity of Indian Art. Same as Art History 348M. Examination of the period when Islamic dynasties controlled much of the subcontinent and how a unique mix of forms and cultural practices shaped the development of monuments such as the Taj Mahal. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Art History 348M, 372 (Topic: The Taj Mahal and the Diversity of Indian Art), Asian Studies 372 (Topic: The Taj Mahal and the Diversity of Indian Art), Religious Studies 341 (Topic 9). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 11: Indian Poetry and Religions. Same as Asian Studies 379 (Topic 4). Explores the intersections of religion and poetry in the history of Indian literature as expressed in multiple settings and variations including hymns, chants, bhajans, poetic narratives, and new poetic conventions that deal with caste and gender identities. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 340 (Topic: Indian Poetry and Religions), 379 (Topic 4), Religious Studies 341 (Topic: Indian Poetry and Religions), 341 (Topic 11).
Topic 12: South Asian Saints and Yogis. Same as Asian Studies 379 (Topic 2). Life stories, teachings, and cultic practices of various holy figures and sainthood practices in South Asia, with an emphasis on the intersection between classical and modern history, religion, literature, and philosophy in relation to these practices and the making of modern South Asia. Only one of the following may be counted: Anthropology 324L (Topic: South Asian Saints and Yogis), Asian Studies 340 (Topic: South Asian Saints and Yogis), 379 (Topic 2), Religious Studies 341 (Topic: South Asian Saints and Yogis), 341 (Topic 12).
Topic 13: Devotion in South India. Same as Asian Studies 372 (Topic 31). Examines aspects of devotion in everyday life and how religions, such as Islam, Buddhism, and Christianity, are translated into a predominantly Hindu South India. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 372 (Topic: Devotion in South India), 372 (Topic 31), Comparative Literature 323 (Topic: Devotion in South India), Religious Studies 341 (Topic: Devotion in South India), 341 (Topic 13). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 14: Living Epics of India. Same as Asian Studies 372 (Topic 38) and Comparative Literature 323 (Topic 26). Exploration of Indian epics in the Sanskritic textual heritage, performative arts, and regional language versions, and their impact in the formation of the values of the people of India. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 372 (Topic: Living Epics of India), 372 (Topic 38), Comparative Literature 323 (Topic: Living Epics of India), 323 (Topic 26), Theatre and Dance 357T (Topic: Living Epics of India), Religious Studies 341 (Topic: Living Epics of India), 341 (Topic 14).
Topic 16: Nonconformist Thinkers of India. Same as Asian Studies 372 (Topic 44). Introduction to Indian philosophy focusing on dissenting voices and the opponents of the mainstream to examine the subversive challenge of their thoughts. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 372 (Topic: India's Nonconformist Thinkers), 372 (Topic 44), Philosophy 348 (Topic: India's Nonconformist Thinkers), Religious Studies 341 (Topic: India's Nonconformist Thinkers), 341 (Topic 16). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

R S 341G. Yoga as Philosophy and Practice.

Same as Philosophy 356 (Topic 2). Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 372 (Topic: Yoga as Philosophy and Practice), Philosophy 356 (Topic: Yoga as Philosophy and Practice), 356 (Topic 2), Religious Studies 341G. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

R S 342. Topics in Religions of Central Asia.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Varies with the topic.

R S 344. The Age of Reformation.

Same as History 343. Examines late medieval religion, the rise of Protestant movements, and the Catholic response in their cultural, political, and social contexts. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

R S 345. Islamic Spain and North Africa to 1492.

Same as History 375D and Middle Eastern Studies 343 (Topic 4: Islamic Spain and North Africa to 1492). An introduction to the impact of Islam on Spain and North Africa, with emphasis on social, economic, and cultural development. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Ancient History and Classical Civilization 330 (Topic: Islamic Spain and North Africa to 1492), History 375D, Islamic Studies 373 (Topic: Islamic Spain and North Africa to 1492), Middle Eastern Studies 321K (Topic 4: Islamic Spain and North Africa to 1492), 343 (Topic 4), Religious Studies 345, 363 (Topic: Islamic Spain and North Africa to 1492). Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

R S 346. Topics in the Religions of the United States.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Some topics partially fulfill legislative requirement for American history. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Varies with the topic.

Topic 2: Religion in American Political Thought. Same as Government 335M (Topic 5: Religion in American Political Thought). Prerequisite: Upper-division standing and six semester hours of lower-division coursework in government.
Topic 5: United States Catholic History. Same as American Studies 327 (Topic 4), History 365G (Topic 1), and Mexican American Studies 374 (Topic 37). Examines how Catholicism and national identity work for Catholics in the United States, with an emphasis on Catholic women and Latinos/as. Only one of the following may be counted: American Studies 321 (Topic: United States Catholic History), 327 (Topic 4), History 365G (Topic: United States Catholic History), 365G (Topic 1), Mexican American Studies 374 (Topic: United States Catholic History), 374 (Topic 37), Religious Studies 346 (Topic: United States Catholic History), 346 (Topic 5). Partially fulfills legislative requirement for American history.
Topic 6: Evangelical Christianity. Same as American Studies 327 (Topic 5). An introduction to the intellectual and social sources of evangelical Protestant traditions in the United States, their varieties of belief and practice, and their role in the wider Christian community and American society. Only one of the following may be counted: American Studies 327 (Topic: Evangelical Christianity), 327 (Topic 5), Religious Studies 346 (Topic: Evangelical Christianity), 346 (Topic 6). Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 7: The Black Church in African American Politics. Same as African and African Diaspora Studies 374D (Topic 14) and Government 370K (Topic 4). Examination of the political role of the black church and its leaders in the development of African American political behavior. Only one of the following may be counted: African and African Diaspora Studies 374D (Topic: Black Church in African American Politics), 374D (Topic 14), Government 370K (Topic 4), Religious Studies 346 (Topic: Black Church in African American Politics), 346 (Topic 7).
Topic 8: Representation of Jews in the American Public Sphere. Same as Anthropology 325L (Topic 13) and Jewish Studies 365 (Topic 11). Examines how Jews have been represented and constituted in American public culture as a race, religion, and/or nation through distinct institutions and display practices. Only one of the following may be counted: Anthropology 325L (Topic: Representation of Jews in the American Public Sphere), 325L (Topic 13), Jewish Studies 365 (Topic: Representation of Jews in the American Public Sphere), 365 (Topic 11), Religious Studies 346 (Topic: Representation of Jews in the American Public Sphere), 346 (Topic 8).
Topic 9: American Jewish Material Culture. Same as Anthropology 325L (Topic 17) and Jewish Studies 365 (Topic 12). Examines the interplay between material culture and Jewish identity and thought in contemporary America. Only one of the following may be counted: Anthropology 325L (Topic: American Jewish Material Culture), 325L (Topic 17), Jewish Studies 365 (Topic: American Jewish Material Culture), 365 (Topic 12), Religious Studies 346 (Topic: American Jewish Material Culture), 346 (Topic 9).
Topic 10: The History of Islam in the United States. Same as History 350R (Topic 22) and Islamic Studies 372 (Topic 21). A brief introduction to Islam. Defines the role of Islam and views of Muslims in the early history of the United States, and introduces students to major issues concerning contemporary American Muslims. Only one of the following may be counted: History 350R (Topic: History of Islam in the United States), 350R (Topic 22), Islamic Studies 372 (Topic: History of Islam in the United States), 372 (Topic 21), Religious Studies 346 (Topic: History of Islam in the United States), 346 (Topic 10). Partially fulfills legislative requirement for American history.
Topic 11: Debating the Bible in the Twenty-First Century. Examines the ways in which individuals, primarily in the United States, have regarded the Bible as relevant or irrelevant to contemporary life. Discussion of contemporary controversial issues in which the Bible has played a role and how these relate to earlier controversies, such as the position of the Bible on slavery. Introductory courses in the Hebrew Bible and/or New Testament recommended. Only one of the following may be counted: American Studies 327 (Topic: Debating the Bible in 21st Century), Core Texts and Ideas 375 (Topic: Debating the Bible in 21st Century), Religious Studies 346 (Topic: Debating the Bible in 21st Century), 346 (Topic 11). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

R S 346C. Religion and Visual Culture in the United States.

Focuses on artifacts or "visual culture," and considers how religion mediates artifacts and how artifacts mediate religion. Three lecture hours or two lecture hours and one discussion hour a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: American Studies 325 (Topic: Religion and Visual Culture in the United States), Religious Studies 346 (Topic: Religion and Visual Culture in the United States), 346C.

R S 346D. Native American Religions.

Examination of religious developments in Native American communities from the precolonial period through the present day. Focus on the changing forms of ritual practice and the relationship between religion and community life. Only one of the following may be counted: American Studies 327 (Topic: Native American Religion), Religious Studies 346 (Topic: Native American Religion), 346D. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

R S 346E. Religion and Film.

Survey of representations of religious beliefs, practices, persons, and institutions in popular film. Examination of film as a vehicle to reflect how a shared religious imagination shaped the way Americans understand themselves. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: American Studies 321 (Topic: Religion and Film), Religious Studies 346 (Topic: Religion and Film), 346E. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

R S 352. Topics in Religions of East Asia.

Three lecture hours or two lecture hours and one laboratory/discussion hour a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Varies with the topic.

Topic 3: Religion and Rebellion in Modern East Asia. Same as Asian Studies 340 (Topic 6). Examines how nineteenth- and twentieth-century new religious movements in Japan, China, Korea, and Tibet have expressed dissatisfaction with society and/or the state through rebellious and sometimes violent activity. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 340 (Topic 6), History 364G (Topic: Religion/Rebellion in Modern East Asia), Religious Studies 352 (Topic 3).
Topic 4: Ritual and Religion in Korea. Same as Asian Studies 340 (Topic 10: Ritual and Religion in Korea). Examination of major religious traditions of Korea; focus on the recent history and contemporary practice, and the relation between religion and politics during Korea's colonial (1910-1945) and postcolonial eras. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Anthropology 324L (Topic: Ritual and Religion in Korea), Asian Studies 340 (Topic 10), Religious Studies 352 (Topic 4). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 6: The Asian Perspective on Death and Dying. Only one of the following may be counted: Anthropology 324L (Topic: The Asian Perspective on Death and Dying), Asian Studies 361 (Topic: The Asian Perspective on Death and Dying), Religious Studies 352 (Topic 6). Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 7: Religion in Japanese History. Same as Asian Studies 340 (Topic 9: Religion in Japanese History). Examines religious concepts and practices in wider contexts of modern Japanese culture and society. Focuses on the critical understanding of the individual and collective aspects of Japanese spiritual life. Three lecture hours a week for one semester.
Topic 8: Japanese Concepts of Body and Self. Same as Asian Studies 372 (Topic 41). Exploration of anthropological literature describing Japanese conceptions of self and body, and analysis of the intersection of these conceptions of self with Japanese ideas about religion, morality, aging, and medicine. Only one of the following may be counted: Anthropology 324L (Topic: Japanese Concepts of Body and Self), Asian Studies 372 (Topic: Japanese Concepts of Body and Self), 372 (Topic 41), Religious Studies 352 (Topic: Japanese Concepts of Body and Self), 352 (Topic 8).
Topic 9: Religion and Family in Japanese Society. Same as Asian Studies 361 (Topic 38). Explores the structures of family, kinship, and religion in Japan since 1868 and their roles in the creation and expression of national and individual identities. Only one of the following may be counted: Anthropology 324L (Topic: Religion and Family in Japanese Society), Asian Studies 361 (Topic 38), 372 (Topic: Religion and Family in Japanese Society), Religious Studies 352 (Topic: Religion and Family in Japanese Society), 352 (Topic 9).
Topic 10: Confucianism. Same as Asian Studies 372 (Topic 32). Philosophical and historical context of Confuciansim from its origins in ancient China through the early empire and beyond. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 372 (Topic: World of Confucians), 372 (Topic 32), Core Text and Ideas 375 (Topic: World of Confucians), Religious Studies 352 (Topic: World of Confucians), 352 (Topic 10).
Topic 11: Self-Cultivation in Traditional China. Same as Asian Studies 372 (Topic 33). Ideas and practices of self-cultivation as represented in diverse philosophical, religious, and occult traditions in premodern China. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 372 (Topic: Self-Cultivation in Traditional China), 372 (Topic 33), Core Texts and Ideas 375 (Topic: Self-Cultivation in Traditional China), Religious Studies 352 (Topic: Self-Cultivation in Traditional China), 352 (Topic 11).

R S 353. Topics in Religion and Culture of the Biblical World.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester; additional hours may be required by some topics. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Varies with the topic.

Topic 1: Revelation and Apocalyptic Literature. Examines the Book of Revelation in the context of early Christian and Jewish literature. Study of other apocalyptic texts, methods of textual analysis, and the ongoing effects of Revelation in modern American culture. Only one of the following may be counted: Classical Civilization 348 (Topic: Revelation and Apocalyptic Literature), Religious Studies 353 (Topic: Revelation and Apocalyptic Literature), 353 (Topic 1). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 2: Paul and His Social World. Examines the life and letters of the first-century Jewish missionary Paul by interpreting his own writings within the context of diaspora Judaism and the broader Greco-Roman world. Also explores his legacy within the context of early church history. Only one of the following may be counted: Classical Civilization 348 (Topic: Paul and His Social World), Jewish Studies 364 (Topic: Paul and His Social World), Religious Studies 353 (Topic: Paul and His Social World), 353 (Topic 2). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 3: The Sacred and the Secular in Contemporary Jewish Literature. Same as Jewish Studies 363 (Topic 10), Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 321 (Topic 8), and Middle Eastern Studies 342 (Topic 8). Only one of the following may be counted: Comparative Literature 323 (Topic: The Sacred and the Secular in Contemporary Jewish Literature), English 322 (Topic: The Sacred and the Secular in Contemporary Jewish Literature), Hebrew 374 (Topic 11: The Sacred and the Secular in Contemporary Jewish Literature), Jewish Studies 363 (Topic 10), Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 321 (Topic 8), Middle Eastern Studies 322K (Topic 28: The Sacred and the Secular in Contemporary Jewish Literature), 342 (Topic 8), Religious Studies 353 (Topic: The Sacred and the Secular in Contemporary Jewish Literature), 353 (Topic 3). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

R S 353D. The Dead Sea Scrolls.

Same as Ancient History and Classical Civilization 330 (Topic 1), History 364G (Topic 3), Jewish Studies 364 (Topic 4), Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 321 (Topic 17), and Middle Eastern Studies 342 (Topic 23). Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Ancient History and Classical Civilization 330 (Topic: The Dead Sea Scrolls), 330 (Topic 1), History 364G (Topic 3), Jewish Studies 364 (Topic 4), Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 321 (Topic 17), Middle Eastern Studies 320 (Topic 13), 342 (Topic 23), Religious Studies 353D. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

R S 353E. Beyond the New Testament.

Study of early Christian writings that were not included in the Christian Bible. Examines issues such as the effect of narrative, religion and violence, gendered expectations for women and men, the uses of fantasy literature, and religious authority. Emphasis on systematic methods for disciplined interpretation. Only one of the following may be counted: Classical Civilization 348 (Topic: Beyond the New Testament), Religious Studies 353 (Topic: Beyond the New Testament), 353E. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

R S 354D. The Bible and History.

Same as Jewish Studies 364 (Topic 3: The Bible and History). The critical uses of biblical and extrabiblical data in the reconstruction of the history of the biblical period. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Ancient History and Classical Civilization 330 (Topic: The Bible and History), History 372P, Jewish Studies 364 (Topic 3), Middle Eastern Studies 320 (Topic 3: The Bible and History), Religious Studies 354D. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

R S 355. The Bible as Literature.

Same as English 358J. In-depth literary study of the Bible, with emphasis on the formal features of narrative, hymn, prophecy, apocalypse, gospel, and epistle. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. English 358J and Religious Studies 355 may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Nine semester hours of coursework in English or rhetoric and writing.

R S 355K. The Bible in British and American Literature.

Same as English 358K. The reading of biblical masterpieces as literature; consideration of different versions of the Bible and their influence on British and American literature. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. English 358K and Religious Studies 355K may not both be counted. Prerequisite: Nine semester hours of coursework in English or rhetoric and writing.

R S 357. Topics in the Religions of Europe.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Varies with the topic.

Topic 1: Heresy and the Inquisition. Same as History 350L (Topic 33: Heresy and the Inquisition). Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 2: Byzantine Art. Same as Art History 329J. Examination of the medieval art and architecture of the eastern Roman empire, including related traditions (Coptic, Armenian, Georgian, Crusader, Norman). Three lecture hours a week for one semester.
Topic 6: Northern Renaissance Art, 1500-1600. Same as Art History 332L. Art and cultural development in the sixteenth century; artists include Duerer, Gruenewald, Holbein, and Brueghel. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Art History 332L, European Studies 347 (Topic: Northern Renaissance Art, 1500-1600), Religious Studies 357 (Topic: Northern Renaissance Art, 1500-1600), 357 (Topic 6).
Topic 7: Northern Renaissance Art, 1350-1500. Same as Art History 332K. Northern European art from the International Style to van Eyck and Hieronymus Bosch. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Art History 332K, European Studies 347 (Topic: Northern Renaissance Art, 1350-1500), Religious Studies 357 (Topic: Northern Renaissance Art, 1350-1500), 357 (Topic 7).
Topic 8: Spinoza and Modernity. Same as Core Texts and Ideas 321F, European Studies 346 (Topic 21), History 362P, Jewish Studies 364 (Topic 9), and Philosophy 354 (Topic 7). Introduction to the core of Spinoza's writings and the diverse reactions they have elicited. Examines Spinoza's refusal of mind-body dualism, as well as a transcendent god or ideal as a way of understanding Spinoza's concepts and ideas. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Core Texts and Ideas 335 (Topic: Spinoza and Modernity), 321F, European Studies 346 (Topic: Spinoza and Modernity), 346 (Topic 21), 347 (Topic: Spinoza and Modernity), History 362G (Topic: Spinoza and Modernity), 362P, Jewish Studies 364 (Topic: Spinoza and Modernity), 364 (Topic 9), Philosophy 334K (Topic: Spinoza and Modernity), 354 (Topic: Spinoza and Modernity), 354 (Topic 7), Religious Studies 357 (Topic: Spinoza and Modernity), 357 (Topic 8). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 9: The Church and the Jews. Same as History 362G (Topic 14) and Jewish Studies 364 (Topic 10). Examination of the complex relationship between the Western Church and Jews over two millenia. Only one of the following may be counted: History 362G (Topic: The Church and the Jews), 362G (Topic 14), Jewish Studies 364 (Topic: The Church and the Jews), 364 (Topic 10), Religious Studies 357 (Topic: The Church and the Jews), 357 (Topic 9).
Topic 10: The Spanish Inquisition. Same as European Studies 346 (Topic 11), History 350L (Topic 77), and Jewish Studies 364 (Topic 5). Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: European Studies 346 (Topic: The Spanish Inquisition), 346 (Topic 11), History 350L (Topic: The Spanish Inquisition), 350L (Topic 77), Jewish Studies 364 (Topic: The Spanish Inquisition), 364 (Topic 5), Religious Studies 357 (Topic: The Spanish Inquisition), 357 (Topic 10).
Topic 11: The Age of Rembrandt and Rubens: Northern Baroque Art. Same as Art History 333L. Northern European art in the seventeenth century, stressing the Netherlands and Flanders. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Art History 333L, European Studies 347 (Topic: The Age of Rembrandt and Rubens: Northern Baroque Art), Religious Studies 357 (Topic: The Age of Rembrandt and Rubens: Northern Baroque Art), 357 (Topic 11).
Topic 12: Heretics and Freedom Fighters, 1350-1650. Same as European Studies 346 (Topic 8), German, Scandinavian, and Dutch Studies 360 (Topic 3), History 362G (Topic 12), and Russian, East European, and Eurasian Studies 325 (Topic 28). Explores the theologies, politics, and personal identities that emerged and passed away in this era. Only one of the following may be counted: Czech 324 (Topic: Heretics and Freedom Fighters, 1350-1650), 324 (Topic 4), European Studies 346 (Topic: Heretics and Freedom Fighters, 1350-1650), 346 (Topic 8), Germanic Civilization 327E (Topic: Heretics and Freedom Fighters, 1350-1650), German, Scandinavian, and Dutch Studies 360 (Topic 3), History 362G (Topic: Heretics and Freedom Fighters, 1350-1650), 362G (Topic 12), Religious Studies 357 (Topic: Heretics and Freedom Fighters, 1350-1650), 357 (Topic 12), Russian, East European, and Eurasian Studies 325 (Topic: Heretics and Freedom Fighters, 1350-1650), 325 (Topic 28).
Topic 13: Jews of Eastern Europe. Same as History 362G (Topic 8), Jewish Studies 364 (Topic 7), and Russian, East European, and Eurasian Studies 335 (Topic 23). Explores the history and culture of Jews in Eastern Europe. Only one of the following may be counted: History 362G (Topic: Jews of Eastern Europe), 362G (Topic 8), Jewish Studies 364 (Topic: Jews of Eastern Europe), 364 (Topic 7), Religious Studies 357 (Topic: Jews of Eastern Europe), 357 (Topic 13), Russian, East European, and Eurasian Studies 335 (Topic: Jews of Eastern Europe), 335 (Topic 23).
Topic 14: Gothic Cathedral: Amiens. Same as Art History 330J. An examination of the cathedral at Amiens, its meaning, structure, political and financial contexts, and sculptural programs, as well as its influence on other buildings in France and Germany. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Art History 330J, 374 (Topic: Gothic Cathedral: Amiens), European Studies 347 (Topic: Gothic Cathedral: Amiens), Religious Studies 357 (Topic: Gothic Cathedral: Amiens), 357 (Topic 14).
Topic 15: Medieval Women Mystics. Same as European Studies 347 (Topic 18), German, Scandinavian, and Dutch Studies 361D, and Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic 51). The life and writings of Saint Birgitta of Sweden, fourteenth-century visionary, religious reformer, and pilgrim, examined and compared with her predecessor Hildegard of Bingen (Germany), her successor Margery Kempe (England), as well as Margery's mentor, Julian of Norwich. Social and historical contexts for all four of these women mystics will be explored in depth. Only one of the following may be counted: English 322 (Topic: Birgitta, Hildegard, and Margery), European Studies 347 (Topic: Birgitta, Hildegard, and Margery), 347 (Topic 18), German, Scandinavian, and Dutch Studies 361D, Germanic Civilization 327E (Topic 10), Religious Studies 357 (Topic: Birgitta, Hildegard, and Margery), 357 (Topic 15), Scandinavian 373 (Topic 8), Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic: Birgitta, Hildegard, and Margery), 340 (Topic 51). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 16: Northern Gods, Northern Faiths: The Conversion of Scandinavians, Finns, Northern Slavs and Shamans. Same as German, Scandinavian, and Dutch Studies 361G and Russian, East European, and Eurasian Studies 345 (Topic 7). An introduction to the basic source texts for several pre-Christian belief systems evolving in geographic proximity and their influence on one another including pre-Christian Slavic; pre-Christian Scandinavian; pre-Christian Sami and Finnish; and ancient and modern Siberian shamanism, Only one of the following may be counted: German, Scandinavian, and Dutch Studies 361G, Religious Studies 357 (Topic 16), Russian, East European, and Eurasian Studies 345 (Topic 7). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 17: Introduction to Germanic Religion and Myth. Same as European Studies 347 (Topic 3) and German, Scandinavian, and Dutch Studies 361C. Survey of the sources and main features of Germanic religion and of the transition from paganism to Christianity in northern Europe and the Germanic territories of western Europe. Subjects include cosmogonic myths; the origin of man and of society; the concept of the soul; gods and goddesses and their mythology; and the organization of worship. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: English 322 (Topic 2), European Studies 347 (Topic 3), German, Scandinavian, and Dutch Studies 361C, Germanic Civilization 340E (Topic 1), Religious Studies 365 (Topic 2), Religious Studies 357 (Topic 17). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 18: Holocaust Aftereffects. Same as Comparative Literature 323 (Topic 40), European Studies 346 (Topic 23), German, Scandinavian, and Dutch Studies 360 (Topic 1), Jewish Studies 365 (Topic 14), and Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic 66). Explores the historical, political, psychological, theological, and cultural fallout of the Holocaust, as well as literary and cinematic responses in Europe and the United States. Only one of the following may be counted: Comparative Literature 323 (Topic: Holocaust Aftereffects), 323 (Topic 40), European Studies 346 (Topic: Holocaust Aftereffects), 346 (Topic 23), German, Scandinavian, and Dutch Studies 360 (Topic 1), Germanic Civilization 323E (Topic: Holocaust Aftereffects), Jewish Studies 365 (Topic: Holocaust Aftereffects), 365 (Topic 14), Liberal Arts Honors 350 (Topic: Holocaust Aftereffects), Religious Studies 357 (Topic: Holocaust Aftereffects), 357 (Topic 18), Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic: Holocaust Aftereffects), 340 (Topic 66).

R S 358. Topics in the Religions of the Middle East.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Varies with the topic.

Topic 2: Medieval Islam: Faith and History. Same as History 350L (Topic 34: Medieval Islam: Faith and History) and Middle Eastern Studies 343 (Topic 5: Medieval Islam: Faith and History). Only one of the following may be counted: History 350L (Topic 34), Middle Eastern Studies 321K (Topic 7: Medieval Islam: faith and History), 343 (Topic 5), Religious Studies 358 (Topic 2). Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 4: Sufism and Islamic Mysticism. Same as Asian Studies 340 (Topic 8), Islamic Studies 340 (Topic 4), and Middle Eastern Studies 342 (Topic 24). Muslim debates of Sufism; the historical development of Sufi beliefs regarding theology, religious laws, expression, and popular social practices. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 340 (Topic: Sufism and Islamic Mysticism), Asian Studies 340 (Topic 8), History 364G (Topic: Sufism and Islamic Mysticism), Islamic Studies 340 (Topic 4), 372 (Topic 10: Sufism: Islamic Mysticism and Spirituality), Middle Eastern Studies 320 (Topic 16: Sufism: Islamic Mysticism and Spirituality), 321K (Topic: Sufism and Islamic Mysticism), 342 (Topic 24), Religious Studies 341 (Topic: Sufism and Islamic Mysticism), 358 (Topic 4). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 5: Veiling in the Muslim World. Same as Asian Studies 372 (Topic 14), Islamic Studies 372 (Topic 2), Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 321 (Topic 22), and Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic 11). Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 372 (Topic 14), Islamic Studies 372 (Topic 2), Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 321 (Topic 22), Middle Eastern Studies 322K (Topic 17), Religious Studies 358 (Topic 5), Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic 11).
Topic 8: Gender Politics in the Islamic World. Same as Islamic Studies 373 (Topic 11), Middle Eastern Studies 341 (Topic 7), Sociology 336G, and Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic 44). Study of the Islamic world and major sociological concepts such as gender, social organizations, culture, and politics. Examines how culture is mediated by politics, resulting in diverse interpretations of Islam and in different policies with respect to women's rights. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Islamic Studies 373 (Topic: Gender Politics in the Islamic World), 373 (Topic 11), Middle Eastern Studies 322K (Topic: Gender Politics in the Islamic World), 341 (Topic: Gender Politics in the Islamic World), 341 (Topic 7), Religious Studies 358 (Topic: Gender Politics in the Islamic World), 358 (Topic 8), Sociology 321K (Topic: Gender Politics in the Islamic World), 336G, Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic: Gender Politics in the Islamic World), 340 (Topic 44). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 9: Islamic Law. Same as Islamic Studies 340 (Topic 5), Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 321 (Topic 19), Middle Eastern Studies 342 (Topic 27), and Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic 27). Designed to give students a foundation in the substantive teachings of the shariah, which comprises not only what we normally think of as law, but also ethics and etiquette. Only one of the following may be counted: Arabic 372 (Topic: Islamic Law), Islamic Studies 340 (Topic: Islamic Law), 340 (Topic 5), Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 321 (Topic: Islamic Law), 321 (Topic 19), Middle Eastern Studies 321K (Topic: Islamic Law), 328 (Topic: Islamic Law), 342 (Topic 27), Religious Studies 358 (Topic: Islamic Law), 358 (Topic 9), Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic: Islamic Law), 340 (Topic 27).
Topic 10: Classical Islamic Studies. Same as Islamic Studies 340 (Topic 3), Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 321 (Topic 15), and Middle Eastern Studies 342 (Topic 15). Only one of the following may be counted: Arabic 372 (Topic 1: Classical Islamic Studies), Islamic Studies 340 (Topic 3), Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 321 (Topic 15), Middle Eastern Studies 321K (Topic 11: Classical Islamic Studies), 342 (Topic 15), Religious Studies 358 (Topic: Classical Islamic Studies), Religious Studies 358 (Topic 10). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 11: Sacred and Ceremonial Textiles. Same as Anthropology 324L (Topic 29), Islamic Studies 372 (Topic 11), Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 321 (Topic 34), and Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic 57). Textiles and material objects indigenous to the Islamic world, and what they reveal about the culture of various Islamic societies. Only one of the following may be counted: Anthropology 324L (Topic 29), Islamic Studies 372 (Topic 11), Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 321 (Topic: Sacred and Ceremonial Textiles), 321 (Topic 34), Middle Eastern Studies 322K (Topic 24), 328 (Topic: Sacred and Ceremonial Textiles), Religious Studies 358 (Topic: Sacred and Ceremonial Textiles), 358 (Topic 11), Textiles and Apparel 355 (Topic: Sacred and Ceremonial Textiles), Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic: Sacred and Ceremonial Textiles), 340 (Topic 57).
Topic 12: Muslim Women: Past and Present I. Same as Islamic Studies 372 (Topic 12) and Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic 22). Survey of the role of women in Islamic societies from the Middle Ages to the eighteenth century, with a glimpse into modern times. Only one of the following may be counted: Islamic Studies 372 (Topic 12), Middle Eastern Studies 321K (Topic 9: Muslim Women: Past and Present I), Religious Studies 358 (Topic: Muslim Women: Past and Present I), 358 (Topic 12) Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic 22). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 13: Muslim Women: Past and Present II. Same as Islamic Studies 372 (Topic 13) and Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic 23). Survey of the role of women in the modern Muslim world, with a glimpse into historical developments within Islamic societies. Only one of the following may be counted: Islamic Studies 372 (Topic 13), Middle Eastern Studies 321K (Topic 10: Muslim Women: Past and Present II), Religious Studies 358 (Topic: Muslim Women: Past and Present II), 358 (Topic 13), Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic 23). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 14: Islamic Theology. Same as Core Texts and Ideas 375 (Topic 2), Islamic Studies 340 (Topic 7), Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 321 (Topic 27), and Middle Eastern Studies 342 (Topic 35). Three lecture hours per week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Core Texts and Ideas 375 (Topic: Islamic Theology), 375 (Topic 2), Islamic Studies 340 (Topic: Islamic Theology), 340 (Topic 7), Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 321 (Topic: Islamic Theology), 321 (Topic: 27), Middle Eastern Studies 321K (Topic: Islamic Theology), 342 (Topic: Islamic Theology), 342 (Topic 35), Religious Studies 358 (Topic: Islamic Theology), 358 (Topic 14). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 15: The Religions of the Middle East. Same as Islamic Studies 340 (Topic 6), Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 321 (Topic 26), and Middle Eastern Studies 342 (Topic 34). Three lecture hours per week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Islamic Studies 340 (Topic: Religions of the Middle East), 340 (Topic 6), Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 321 (Topic 26), Middle Eastern Studies 322K (Topic: Religions of the Middle East), 342 (Topic 34), Religious Studies 358 (Topic: Religions of the Middle East), 358 (Topic 15). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 16: French Empire: The West and Islam. Same as History 364G (Topic 7) and Islamic Studies 372 (Topic 22). The development of regions within the Mediterranean, variously called the West and East or Europe and Islam, with an emphasis on the role of modern France and France's Mediterranean empire. Three lecture hours for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: History 364G (Topic: French Empire: The West and Islam), 364G (Topic 7), Islamic Studies 372 (Topic: French Empire: The West and Islam), 372 (Topic 22), Middle Eastern Studies 343 (Topic: French Empire: The West and Islam), Religious Studies 358 (Topic: French Empire: The West and Islam), 358 (Topic 16).
Topic 17: Arts of Islam, 650-1500. Same as Art History 328J. Early Islamic art and architecture, with an emphasis on interconnections between the Islamic world and Europe. Examines unique ways Islamic visual culture developed out of the classical and late antique world. Artworks will be contextualized within early Islamic history, religion, and culture. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Art History 328J, 363 (Topic: Arts of Islam: Caliphs-Sultans), Islamic Studies 372 (Topic: Arts of Islam: Caliphs-Sultans), Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 321 (Topic: Arts of Islam: Caliphs-Sultans), Middle Eastern Studies 321K (Topic: Arts of Islam: Caliphs-Sultans), 328 (Topic: Arts of Islam: Caliphs-Sultans), 342 (Topic: Arts of Islam: Caliphs-Sultans), Religious Studies 358 (Topic: Arts of Islam: Caliphs-Sultans), 358 (Topic 17).
Topic 18: Arts of Islam 1500-Present. Same as Art History 328K. Later Islamic art and architecture, beginning with the world empires of the Ottomans, Safavids, and Mughals, and extending into the modern and contemporary periods. Subjects include the social and historical context of Islamic art in these periods and its unique visual culture. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Art History 328K, 363 (Topic: Arts of Islam, 1500-1800), 363 (Topic: Arts of Islam: 1500-Present), Islamic Studies 372 (Topic: Arts of Islam, 1500-1800), 373 (Topic: Arts of Islam: 1500-Present), Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 321 (Arts of Islam: 1500-Present), Middle Eastern Studies 321K (Topic: Arts of Islam, 1500-1800), 342 (Topic: Arts of Islam: 1500-Present), Religious Studies 358 (Topic 18).
Topic 19: Muslim Women in Politics. Same as Islamic Studies 372 (Topic 23) and Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic 56). Only one of the following may be counted: Anthropolgy 324L (Topic: Muslim Women in Politics), Islamic Studies 372 (Topic: Muslim Women in Politics), 372 (Topic 23), Religious Studies 358 (Topic: Muslim Women in Politics), 358 (Topic 19), Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic: Muslim Women in Politics), 340 (Topic 56).
Topic 20: Gender and Art in the Muslim World. Same as Asian Studies 372 (Topic 46), Islamic Studies 373 (Topic 15), Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 321 (Topic 31), Middle Eastern Studies 342 (Topic 40), and Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic 62). Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 372 (Topic: Gender and Art in Muslim World), 372 (Topic 46), Islamic Studies 373 (Topic: Gender and Art in Muslim World), 373 (Topic 15), Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 321 (Topic: Gender and Art in Muslim World), 321 (Topic 31), Middle Eastern Studies 342 (Topic: Gender and Art in Muslim World), 342 (Topic 40), Religious Studies 358 (Topic: Gender and Art in Muslim World), 358 (Topic 20), Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic: Gender and Art in Muslim World), 340 (Topic 62). Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 21: Graffiti and Poster Art in the Islamic World. Same as Anthropology 324L (Topic 59), Islamic Studies 373 (Topic 17), Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 321 (Topic 36), Middle Eastern Studies 342 (Topic 44), and Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic 67). Only one of the following may be counted: Anthropology 324L (Topic: Graffiti/Poster Art: Islam World), 324L (Topic 59), Islamic Studies 373 (Topic: Graffiti/Poster Art: Islam World), 373 (Topic 17), Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 321 (Topic: Graffiti/Poster Art: Islam World), 321 (Topic 36), Middle Eastern Studies 342 (Topic: Graffiti/Poster Art: Islam World), 342 (Topic 44), Religious Studies 358 (Topic: Graffiti/Poster Art: Islam World), 358 (Topic 21), Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic: Graffiti/Poster Art: Islam World), 340 (Topic 67). Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 22: Islam in the Early Modern World: Religion and Culture. A history of the religious and cultural developments across the Islamic world between the thirteenth and eighteenth centuries, stemming from the rise of the Mongols and the end of the caliphate. Explores the early modern Muslim empires of the Ottomans, Safavids, and the Mughals. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: History 364G (Topic: Islam Early Mod World:Rel/Cult), Islamic Studies 372 (Topic: Islam Early Mod World:Rel/Cult), Middle Eastern Studies 343 (Topic: Islam Early Mod World:Rel/Cult), Religious Studies 358 (Topic: Islam Early Mod World:Rel/Cult), 358 (Topic 22). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 23: Saints and Shrines in Islam. Same as Asian Studies 340 (Topic 23). A survey of the history of sainthood (walayat) in Islam and the religious customs surrounding saint shrines in Muslim societies across the Middle East, Central Asia, and South Asia. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 340 (Topic: Saints & Shrines In Islam), 340 (Topic 23), Religious Studies 358 (Topic 23). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

R S 358Q. Supervised Research.

Individual instruction. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

R S 360. Topics in Religions of Sub-Saharan Africa.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary.

Topic 1: Jesus, Africa, and History. Same as African and African Diaspora Studies 372G (Topic 34). Exploration of the history of Christianity in Africa, from antiquity to the present, including the ways in which African interpretations and religious expressions of Christianity are presented in this history. Only one of the following may be counted: African and African Diaspora Studies 372G (Topic: Jesus, Africa, and History), 372G (Topic 34), Religious Studies 360 (Topic: Jesus, Africa, and History), 360 (Topic 1).

R S 362. Independent Research in Religious Studies.

Faculty-directed research. Conference course. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing and consent of instructor.

R S 365. Topics in Ancient Religion.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester; additional hours may be required by some topics. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Varies with the topic.

Topic 1: Rome and Jerusalem. Same as Ancient History and Classical Civilization 325 (Topic 3: Rome and Jerusalem), History 321G, Jewish Studies 365 (Topic 7: Rome and Jerusalem), and Middle Eastern Studies 342 (Topic 21: Rome and Jerusalem). A study of daily life in Israel during the Roman period, focusing on Jerusalem, ancient Palestinian synagogues and churches, Jewish and Christian symbolism, agriculture, warfare, and burial practices. Only one of the following may be counted: Ancient History and Classical Civilization 325 (Topic 3), Classical Civilization 348 (Topic: Rome and Jerusalem), History 321G, Jewish Studies 365 (Topic 7), Middle Eastern Studies 320 (Topic 2: Rome and Jerusalem), 342 (Topic 21), Religious Studies 365 (Topic 1), Urban Studies 353 (Topic: Rome and Jerusalem). Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 3: In Search of King David. Same as Jewish Studies 363 (Topic 20), Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 321 (Topic 18), and Middle Eastern Studies 342 (Topic 29). Only one of the following may be counted: Jewish Studies 363 (Topic: In Search of King David), 363 (Topic 20), Middle Eastern Languages and Cultures 321 (Topic: In Search of King David), 321 (Topic 18), Middle Eastern Studies 342 (Topic: In Search of King David), 342 (Topic 29), Religious Studies 365 (Topic: In Search of King David), 365 (Topic 3). Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

R S 366. Topics in Religions of the Americas.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Some topics partially fulfill legislative requirement for American history. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Varies with the topic.

Topic 2: Religions of the Caribbean. Examines the histories and politics of religious practices in the Greater Caribbean, encompassing the islands and Central American coasts as well as the continental diasporas, from Vodou and Rastafari to popular Hinduism. Only one of the following may be counted: African and African Diaspora Studies 372G (Topic: Religions of the Caribbean), Anthropology 324L (Topic: Religions of the Caribbean), Latin American Studies 324L (Topic: Religions of the Caribbean), Religious Studies 366 (Topic: Religions of the Caribbean), 366 (Topic 2). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

R S 368. Topics in Religions of Latin America.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Varies with the topic.

Topic 1: Church and State in Latin America. Same as History 346W and Latin American Studies 366 (Topic 21: Church and State in Latin America). History of Church-state relations and religious politics in modern Latin America, with emphasis on the nineteenth to early twentieth-century periods. Only one of the following may be counted: History 346W, 363K (Topic Church and State in Latin America), Latin American Studies 366 (Topic 21), Religious Studies 368 (Topic 1). Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 3: The Religious Tradition in Latin America. Same as History 350L (Topic 76) and Latin American Studies 366 (Topic 25). Explores the different ways in which religion has helped to define the political, social, and philosophical structures of Latin America from colonial times to the present. Only one of the following may be counted: History 350L (Topic: The Religious Tradition in Latin America), 350L (Topic 76), Latin American Studies 366 (Topic: The Religious Tradition in Latin America), 366 (Topic 25), Religious Studies 368 (Topic: The Religious Tradition in Latin America), 368 (Topic 3).
Topic 4: Religion, Conquest, and Conversion in Colonial Latin America. Same as History 363K (Topic 3) and Latin American Studies 366 (Topic 29). Focuses on the histories of the Catholic Church and religious devotion in colonial Latin America between 1521 and 1821. Only one of the following may be counted: History 363K (Topic: Religion, Conquest, and Conversion in Colonial Latin America), 363K (Topic 3), Latin American Studies 366 (Topic: Religion, Conquest, and Conversion in Colonial Latin America), 366 (Topic 29), Religious Studies 368 (Topic: Religion, Conquest, and Conversion in Colonial Latin America), 368 (Topic 4).

R S 373. Topics in Comparative Religion.

Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Religious Studies 373 and 375S may not both be counted unless the topics vary. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Varies with the topic.

Topic 3: Goddesses in World Religions and Cultures. Same as Asian Studies 340 (Topic 7) and Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic 30). Historical and cross-cultural overview of the relationship between feminine and religious cultural expressions through comparative examinations and analyses of various goddess figures in world religions. Only one of the following may be counted: Anthropology 324L (Topic: Goddesses in World Religions and Cultures), Asian Studies 340 (Topic 7), Religious Studies 373 (Topic: Goddesses in World Religions and Cultures), 373 (Topic 3), Women's and Gender Studies 340 (Topic: Goddesses in World Religions and Cultures), 340 (Topic 30). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.
Topic 4: Sport, Religion, and Society. Considers sport as it relates to ritual and religious practice and explores the meaning and nature of sport in cross-cultural perspectives. Only one of the following may be counted: Anthropology 324L (Topic: Sport, Religion, and Society), Religious Studies 373 (Topic: Sport, Religion, and Society), 373 (Topic 4).
Topic 5: Creation. Same as European Studies 346 (Topic 13) and History 350L (Topic 80). Explores the writings of premodern authors as related to creation and early developments in western theology, science, and philosophy. Only one of the following may be counted: European Studies 346 (Topic: Creation), 346 (Topic 13), History 350L (Topic: Creation), 350L (Topic 80), Religious Studies 373 (Topic: Creation), 373 (Topic 5), Women's and Gender Studies 345 (Topic: Creation).
Topic 6: Science, Magic, and Religion. Historical and cross-cultural overview of the constructed concepts of magic, science, and religion through comparative examinations of cultural contexts from the Islamic world, western Europe, the Caribbean, the U.S., and Mozambique. Only one of the following may be counted: Anthropology 324L (Topic: Science, Magic, & Religion), Religious Studies 373 (Topic: Science, Magic, & Religion), 373 (Topic 6). Additional prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

R S 373M. Biomedicine, Ethics, and Culture.

Same as Asian Studies 361 (Topic 29: Biomedicine, Ethics, and Culture). Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Only one of the following may be counted: Anthropology 324L (Topic: Biomedicine, Ethics, and Culture), Asian Studies 361 (Topic: Biomedicine, Ethics, and Culture), 361 (Topic 29), Religious Studies 373 (Topic: Biomedicine, Ethics, and Culture), 373M. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

R S 375S. Advanced Seminars in Religious Studies.

Discussion and research-based study of topics in religious studies. Includes theoretical approaches to the study of religion. Three lecture hours a week for one semester. Religious Studies 373 and 375S may not both be counted unless the topics vary. May be repeated for credit when the topics vary. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing and at least six semester hours of coursework in religious studies.

Topic 1: What is Religion?. Religious Studies 373 (Topic: What is Religion?) and 375S (Topic 1) may not both be counted.
Topic 2: Introduction to Comparative Religion.
Topic 3: Mystics, Visionaries, and Heretics in Medieval Europe. Same as Ancient History and Classical Civilization 330 (Topic 3) and History 350L (Topic 74). Examines particular mystical and visionary experiences within the context of medieval European Christianity. Only one of the following may be counted: Ancient History and Classical Civilization 330 (Topic: Mystics, Visionaries and Heretics in Medieval Europe), 330 (Topic 3), History 350L (Topic: Mystics, Visionaries and Heretics in Medieval Europe), 350L (Topic 74), Religious Studies 375S (Topic: Mystics, Visionaries and Heretics in Medieval Europe), 375S (Topic 3).
Topic 4: Radical Religion: Ascetics and Holy Persons. Same as Asian Studies 379 (Topic 8). Explores asceticism and the concepts, practices, and goals associated with this radical way of life through case studies from various religions. Subjects include theories of the body and of culture, as well as issues of social status, gender, devotion, and violence. Only one of the following may be counted: Asian Studies 379 (Topic: Radical Religion: Ascetics), 379 (Topic 8), Religious Studies 375S (Topic: Radical Religion: Ascetics), 375S (Topic 4).
Topic 5: Religion, the Supernatural, and the Paranormal. Examination of extraordinary events, such as miracles, exorcisms, ghosts, psychic abilities, UFOs, and other related phenomena. Discussion of the similarities and dissimilarities between religious and non-religious contexts for such happenings, as well as possible explanations for them. Religious Studies 375S (Topic: Religion, Supernatural, and the Paranormal) and Religious Studies 375S (Topic 5) may not both be counted.

R S 679H. Honors Tutorial Course.

Supervised individual reading for one semester, followed by research and writing to produce a substantial paper on a specific topic in religious studies, to be completed during the second semester. The equivalent of three lecture hours a week for two semesters. Prerequisite: For 679HA, upper-division standing and admission to the Religious Studies Honors Program; for 679HB, Religious Studies 679HA.